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Cells In Action

Material Movement, Photosynthesis, Respiration, Cell Division

QuestionAnswer
What are the raw materials of photosynthesis? Carbon Dioxide + Water
What are the products of photosynthesis? Glucose + Oxygen
What is the purpose of photosynthesis? To produce glucose or food
Where does photosynthesis occur? Chloroplast
What is the green pigment that is contained within a chloroplast? Chlorophyll
What are the raw materials of cellular respiration? Glucose + Oyxgen
What are the products of cellular respiration? Carbon Dioxide + Water + ATP
What is the purpose of cellular respiration? To produce energy
Where does most cellular respiration occur? Mitochondrion (Mitochondria)
What is the relationship between photosynthesis and cellular respiration? They use each others products as their own raw materials (except for ATP)
What is ATP? The chemical form of energy that is created from combining oxygen with glucose inside the mitochondrion; once it is made it must be used and is not recycled.
What do you call the pickiness of the cell membrane? Selectively Permeable
What do you call the movement of material from a high concentration to a low concentration? Passive Transport
What do you call the movement of material that does not require the use of energy? Passive Transport (Diffusion/Osmosis)
What do you call the movement of waste material from a high level of concentration to a low level of concentration without using energy? Diffusion
What do you call the movement of water from a high concentration level to a low concentration level? Osmosis
What do you call the movement of material that does require the use of energy? Active Transport
What do you call the movement of material from a low level concentration to a high concentration level or when there is little or no gradient difference? Active Transport
Which form of transport uses vesicles to bring material into the cell and out of the cell? Active Transport
What are the stages of cell division in the order they occur? Interphase, Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase, Cytokinesis
Name the stage of cell division that is referred to as the resting stage. Interphase
What are the stages of mitosis in the order they occur? Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase
What is Mitosis? The duplication and division of the nucleic material
Name the stage of cell division in which the chromatids duplicate. Interphase
Name the stage of cell division in which the DNA are chromosomes and the centrioles have doubled and move to opposite ends of the cell. Prophase
Name the stage of cell division in which the nuclear membrane and nucleolus have disappeared and the chromosomes are aligned down the center of the cell. Metaphase
Name the stage of cell division in which the chromosomes separate and move to opposite ends of the cell. Anaphase
Name the stage of cell division in which the process of mitosis is completed. Telophase
Name the stage of cell division in which there are two separate nuclei containing chromatin. Telophase
Name the stage of cell division in which the cell membrane pinches off completely forming two separate cells. Cytokinesis
Identify the term used to refer to the two new cells created through the process of cell division. Sister cells
What do you call DNA that is long thin strands in appearance? Chromatin
What do you call DNA that is short thickened strands in appearance. Chromatid
What do you call DNA that have two Chromatids stuck together at the centromere? Chromosomes
Created by: vplatto