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Evolution

Chapter 16

QuestionAnswer
evolution process by which organisms change over time
artificial selections selective breeding of plants and animals by humans to achieve desired results
adaptation inherited trait that increase organisms channce for survival
fitness how well an organism can can survive and reproduce
natural selection also called "survival of the fittest"
biogeography study of the past and present distribution of organisms on earth
homologous structure different species have similar parts anatomically
analogous structure completely different organisms have structures that are similar in function
vestigial structure a structure that apparently no longer has a function
HMS Beagle Ship that Darwin sailed on around the world for 5 years
USS Enterprise Ship commanded by Captain Kirk.
Darwin Came up the idea of Natural Selection
Lamarck Came up with the idea of Inheritance of Acquired Characteristics
Hutton and Lyell Worked on the idea that the earth was really old.
eyespots features found on some animals that make animal look larger or deter attacks
camouflage natural selection working to make an organism blend into their surroundings
warning coloration bright or contrastive colors that announce an animal is poisonous or dangerous
mimicry when a harmless animal evolves to look like a harmful one which offers protection
Created by: jamesweide