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CDIS Exam 2

QuestionAnswer
What is fluency? Flow of speech production
What are the 5 characteristics to describe fluency? Rate, rhythm, smoothness, effort, and automaticty
What is disfluency? Disruption of flow of speech
What is a fluency disorder? A speech disorder
How is disfluency characterized? By high rate of stoppages/interruptions that disrupt flow of speech, and significantly interferes with communication.
What are the core primary features for stuttering? Monosyllabic whole-word repetitions, part-word repetitions, sound prolongations (stretch words out) blocks (like the road blocks of speech)
What are the secondary behaviors for stuttering (a fluency disorder)? Head jerking or emotions/attitudes towards their stuttering. Second behaviors are developed overtime.
How many Americans currently stutter? What percentage is this making up in the population? 3 million Americans, 1% of the population
Who stutters more? Females or males? Who is more likely to recover? Boys stutter more, females are more likely to recover.
What is the percentage of positive family histories for stuttering? 60-70%
What does the recovery look like for stuttering? 4 years post-onset, ~75% recover
True or false: Disfluencies occur in normal communication. True Example: Using "um" or "like"
Etiology of stuttering? UNKNOWN!
What are the approaches to stuttering treatment? Stuttering modification (symptoms modification): teach person to stutter better, more fluently, easy voice onsets, light articulatory contacts Fluency shaping: teach person to speak without stuttering; reconstructing speech production.
What are the different roles of voice? Carries words, reflects personality, reveals physical state, delivers messages and adds meaning to the message.
Created by: 100000514029082