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autotroph an organism that produces its own nutrients from inorganic substance or from the environment instead of consuming other organisms
Photosynthesis process used by autotrophs to convert light energy from the sun into chemical energy in the form of organic compounds , primarily carbohydrates
heterotrophs animals and other organisms that must get energy from food instead of directly from sunlight or inorganic substances
photosynthesis equation 6CO2 + 6H2O --> C6H12O6 + 6O2
chloroplasts organelles found in the cells of plants, algae and some protists
thylakoids a membrane system found within chloroplasts that contains the components for the Light Dependent Reaction of photosynthesis
stroma solution found in the chloroplast, where Light Independent/Calvin Cycle occurs
pigments compounds that absorb light and give color to substances or mixtures
chlorophylls most important pigments in photosynthesis
electron transport chain a series of molecules, found in the inner membranes of mitochondria and chloroplasts, through which electrons pass in a process that causes protons to build up on one side of the membrane
Calvin Cycle series of enzyme-assisted chemical reactions that produces a 3-carbon sugar(glucose), process by which organic compounds are formed using CO2 and the chemical energy stored in ATP and NADPH,also called the Light Independent Reaction,
carbon fixation the incorporation of CO2 into organic compounds takes place in the Calvin cycle/light independent
factors that affect photosynthesis light intensity, CO2 levels, temperature(enzymes denature)
chemosynthesis uses energy released from chemical reactions instead of light energy to produce food for organisms
reactants in photosynthesis are CO2, H2O, O2
products of photosynthesis are Glucose, oxygen
During the light independent reaction, the sun hits the chlorophyll causing H20 to splits into ___________ and _____________. oxygen and hydrogen O2 is released and H is used to make NADPH
NADPH is an electron carrier and is used in the light independent reaction
Light Independent Reaction/Calvin Cycle converts CO2 and ATP into glucose(sugar)
Created by: pmosley