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what is menopause without menstruation, end of fertility, 12 months amenorrhea in females 45 and older, occurs between 47-55,
dysmenorrhea no menstruation
what is LAP localized aggressive periodontitis, 5-47%, actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, 1st diagnosed at puberty, 1st molars and incisors
what is GAP generalized aggressive periodontitis, caused by microflora, occurs in younger than 30yrs, proximal surfaces attachment loss in 3 teeth other than 1st molars and incisors
factors that affect menstruation cycle climate, work schedule, emotional trauma, acute/chronic illness, weight loss/excessive weight gain
when does PMS occur 7-10 days prior
dysmenorrhea-primary (functional) normal w/ symptoms of hyperactivity/contractions
dysmenorrhea-secondary (acquired) abnormal or result endometriosis
dysmenorrhea-physiologic/psychologic inadequate prep for puberty
menopause effects skin and mucous decrease thickness, become fragile, osteoporosis, predisposed to atherosclerosis, diabetes, hypothyroidism, dysguisia, tissue appear shiny and dry, saliva substitute for xerostomia
papillon le-fevre syndrome palmoplantar keratodermas, type 4 (19 diff. types), hyperkerintization on hands and feet and early onset of perio. disease, severe inflammation, collagen fibers of PDL destroyed, alve. bone lost=tooth lost genetic, autosomal, recessive disorder
chediak-higashi syndrome (defects) cellular disorder: neutropenia, defective chemotaxis, defective platelets=prolonged bleeding time defects lymphocytes, monocytes, macrophages, partial albinism
chediak-higashi syndrome (infections) recurrent infections: skin, respiratory tract, mucous mem., photophobia, neurological manifestations, autosomal gene disorder w/ onset in early childhood
cohen syndrome small head, short upper lip, high narrow palate -obesity, decrease muscle tone, mod. learning disabilities, decrease WBC, genetic autosomal recessive disorder
Ehlers danlos syndrome genetic disorder, autosomal dominant/recessive, x-linked affect collagen structure and function
EDS-classical skin fragility, extensive scarring, poor muscle tone, sprains
EDS-hypermobility excessively loose joints, joint dislocation (jaw/knee/shoulder), chronic limb and joint pain
EDS-vascular weak CT in intestines, arteries, uterus= organ/blood vessel rupture, bruise easily, risks: complications following surgery, collasped lung, premature death
EDS-kyphoscoliosis joint looseness, scoliosis
EDS-arthrochalasia loss of bone mass, dislocation of hip
EDS-dermatosparaxis hernias may occur, aged appearance to young adults, fragile skin, bruise easily
hypophosphatasia metabolic bone disease, caused by low levels of alkaline phosphatase, inorganic pyrophosphate accumulate= Rickets (children) and osteomalacia (adults)
H- perinatal =stillbirth
H- infantile before 6mths w/ inadequate lbs. poor appetite, Rickets, premature tooth loss before 5yrs
H- childhood *see infantile delayed walking, bowed legs, knock knees, muscle pain and weakness in lower limbs
odontohypophosphatasia premature tooth loss without skeletal problems
pseudohypophosphatasia *see infantile with normal ALP activity
adult hypophophatasia middle age, stress fractures in feet, thigh, hips, early secondary tooth loss, arthritis, degeneration prevalent in Manitoba, Canada
syphilis-treatment antibiotics: penicillin (1st), erythromycin, cephalosporin
gonococcal stomatitis-treatment antibiotics- penicillin (1st), tetracycline
NOMA gangrenous stomatitis-treatment antibiotics, conservative debridement
syphilis-bacteria treponema pallidum
syphilis primary- chancre appears, ~3wks after infection, ulcer secondary-6-8wks after ulcer appearance, mucous patches on palate + gingiva, systemic: malaise, fever, headache, sore throat, myalgia, lymphadenopathy tertiary-begins 4-7yrs
gonococcal stomatitis-bacteria neisseria gonorhoeae
gonococcal stomatitis invovles urinary tract and anorectal area, oral charac.:erythema, edema on pharyngeal, tonsils, uvula, soft palate
NOMA gangrenous stomatitis-bacteria f. nucleatum, p.intermedia, b.vincenti, streptococcus species, staph. aureus
NOMA gangrenous stomatitis oral charac. NUG, systemic- fever malaise, halitosis, lymphadenopathy
Created by: 100000001783325