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skeletal (bone)

body system

parietal skullbone top of the head
frontal skullbone forms front of head
mandible bottom lower part of jaw
acetabulum hip socket
humerous upper arm
femur thigh
lateral sides
patella kneecap
long bones weight bearing (femur humerous)
medullary cavity red marrow brain of the bone
tibia larger and stronger leg bone
fibula smaller leg bone
tendon flexible connective tissue muscle to bone
yellow marrow fat, keeps bones moist
pelvic girdle acetabulum, ishium pubis, ilium
epiphysis ends of bone growth
tarsel ankle
ulna large bone in forearm
ligaments large rubberband like structure connects bone to bone
diaphysis center shaft of bone
floating ribs 2 pairs only connects to back protects kidneys
phalanges fingers & toes
shoulder girdle clavical, scapula acromion (shoulder blades)
orbital socket eye socket
vomer single flat bone forms tip of nose
periosteum tough outer coating keeps bones moist
irregular bones spine and ear
true ribs 7 pair attaches back to front
flat bones skull pelvis ribs
metacarpel hand
ishium lateral pubis
red marrow produces red blood cells
cartilage flexible connective tissue covers joint surfaces allows for smooth movement
false ribs 3 pairs attaches posterior to cartilage and sternum (overlaps)
nasal 2 bones form bridge of nose
occipital skullbone back of head
medial middle
radius thumbside forearm
zygomatic cheekbone
metatarsel foot
calceneous heel
anterior front
tempural skullbone side of head
carpel wrist
olecranon slbow
pubis deeper in women in the medial
short bones fingers & toes
joint area between 2 bones where connected synovial fluid > act as bursa sacs > lubricant
ilium where we extract bone marrow
posterior back
compact bone hard dense carries weight
spongy lighter potion of bone mostly yellow marrow
sutures skullbone growth plates of skull
sternum breastplate protects heart & lungs
maxillary upper portion of jaw
comminuted fracture not clean break fragments of bone are in the tissue
simple fracture closed straight break does not pierce skin
compound fracture open bone or bone fragments pierce the skin
greenstick fracture hairline incomplete break bones bend and split
impacted fracture bones push into each other causes crushing of bone
vertabra bones crevical, thoracic, lumbar sacrum, coccyx
cervical c1-c7
thoracic t1-t12
lumbar l1-l5
appendicular 126 bones protects repro system digestive system urinary system
appendicular includes shoulder girdle upper extremities pelvic girdle lower extremities
axial 80 bones protects major organs nervous system respiratory system circulatory system
skeletal system framework of the body supports & protects internal organs produces bone marrow and rbc
bones store calcium magnesium phosphorous
Created by: 100001078761258