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SPEECH

General Audience Analysis and Delivery

QuestionAnswer
What is general audience analysis? traits that will fit any audience
demographic analysis: age, gender, cultural/educational/economic background, political orientation
analysis of specific audience: size, interest in the speaker/topic/occassion
methods for analyzing audiences focus group analysis (test group - ask opinion), dry-run analysis (practice speech), questionnaire analysis (give out questionnaire before speech, gain data as well as relate to audience)
what are the three main aspects of delivery? bodily movements/action, audio aids, visual aids
bodily movement/action: communication in the form of bodily language/expression
body language premeditated
body expression natural
ways to get your body to talk: positive attitude, use illustrations, let your imagination respond, rehearse your movement
what are the basic techniques for bodily actions: walking, sitting, posture, movement, gestures, facial expressions and eye contact
a gesture at its best... shows a connection b/t the message and the speaker
What are some types of audio aids? microphone, audiotapes and other recording devices
what are two types of visual aids? ordinary and electronic
what are some types of ordinary visual aids? yourself, blackboard, graphs, etc.
What are some types of electronic aids? powerpoint, videotapes
suggestions when using aids: aid is a supplement!, must be suited to your ability, take your time setting it up, bring out aid only when you need it, keep it simple-large but not too-and colorful, talk to the audience (not the aid), 3P's
Vocal delivery: why do I sound the way I do?
environmental factors: home, neighborhood, school, friends, and place of employment
what are the functional vocal skills? force, range, quality, diction
force: volume, emphasis
range: pitch, inflection, melody pattern
pitch: you want to have a habitual pitch (just below the middle pitch)
what is the golden rule of volume? fill the room with your voice
inflection: a vocal slide on a word or syllable (rising or falling in nature)
Quality: pleasantness of your voice
2 categories under quality: emotional quality, physical mechanism
the only three sounds that go through your nose are: m, n, and ng
all other sounds come out with... front forward placement
diction: enunciation and pronunciation
enunciation: the articulation of a vowel and consonant sounds distinctly made by means of the tongue, teeth, lips, lower jaw, and soft palette
pronunciation: the expression of sounds and accents of words in connected speech in conformity with acceptable standards
what are some problems with diction? adding sounds that shouldn't be there, omitting a sound, substituting a sound, putting the wrong accent on the word
pacing of the voice: don't talk too fast or too slow; the amount of vocal movement
amount of vocal movement: rate of speech (words per minute)
what effects your rate of speech? personality, material, listeners, acoustics, and pauses
why should you pause? to breathe, collect your thoughts, get at meaning (dramatic pause), and for transitions
the powerful speaker is: comfortable, competent
the powerless speaker is: opposite the powerful
what are the two types of informative speaking? reporting and complex explanation
reporting: presenting as much as possible in an objective, unbiased presentation
what are some uses of reporting? lectures, frats, clubs, business reports...
what are the tools of reporting? 5W's and 1H; who, what, when, where, why, and how
what are the two methods of reporting? narration and description
in what ways can you report using narration? conflict, suspense, climax, personalities, and unusual settings
in what ways can you report using description? scientific and artistic (multisensory)
what are some methods of complex explanation? going from the known to the unknown, illustrations, analogies, statistics, or examples
Created by: kelseyrae
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