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Veterinary Tech

Veterinary technician terms

QuestionAnswer
foramen hole in a bone, passageway for blood vessels
fossa depression or sunken area on a bone, occupied by muscles and tendons, feline mandible
articular surface a smooth area that forms joints, covered with hyaline cartilage
condoyle a large round surface, muscles attach
head spherical shape, proximal end of long bone, femur, humerus
facet flat, bones attach to bones, carpal/tarsal bones
processes a lump or bump on a bone, scapula
irregular bones bones that don't fit into a category, vertebrae
short bones bones shaped like small cubes, carpal/tarsal bones
flat bones thin and flat, scalpula
long bones bones longer than they are wide, feline femur
epiphyses ends of long bones, distal/proximal
diaphysis the long part of a long bone
epiphyseal plates long bone growth plates
axial skeleton the skull, hyoid bone, spinal column, ribs, and sternum
appendicular skeleton thoracic (front) and pelvic (hind) limb bones
barrel trunk of the body, made up of the ribcage and abdomen
flank lateral surface of the abdomen between ribcage and hindlegs
withers dorsal to scalpus
knee carpus of hoofed animal
cannon large metacarpal or metatarsal bone
pastern area of proximal phalanx
hock tarsus
stifile femorotibal/femoropatellar joint (similar to human knee)
fetlock joint between cannon bone and proximal phalanx of hoofed animals
muzzle rostral part of the face formed by maxillary and nasal bones
tailhead dorsal part of the base of the tail
brisket at the base of the neck between front legs that covers the cranial end of the sternum
poll top of the head between the ears
deep towards the center
superficial towards the surface
where the epiphyseal plates are located between the shaft and ends of the bone
epiphyseal plate allows bones to lengthen
another name for epiphyseal plate is growth plate
the tail vertebrae coccygeal
the second cervical vertebra axis
vertebrae largest in size and support abdominal region lumbar
fused vertebrae of the pelvic region sacral
vertebrae that articulate with the ribs thoracic
vertebrae in the neck cervical
all bones of thoracic limb from proximal to distal scapula, humerus, ulna, radius, carpals, metacarpals, phalanges
the long bones in the upper arm humerus
the long bones in the upper "thigh" region femur
the large bones of the lower leg tibia
scapula shoulder blade
phosolipids arranged in 2 layers in the plasma membrane
nucleoli assembly sites for ribosomal particles
nucleus control center, chromosomes within
mitochondria energy for cell use, double membrane bound
microfilaments contractile protein with ability to shorten with cytosol
microvili fingerlike folds in the plasma membrane that increas the surface area for absorption
lysosome membraneous structure/vesicles that contain digestive enzymes and are filled with hydrolitic
inclusion bodies nonliving structures in cytoplasm vesicles for storage
integral proteins protein channels in the plasma membrane that allow only certain substances to enter
haploid one half the chromosome number
chromatin threadlike granules dispersed in nucleus, dna, regulates protein
cytosol gelatinous fluid that has organelles, a medium for transport
endoplasmic reticulium in cytoplasm and is a transport system, can be smooth or rough
nucleolus contains rna, location of ribosomal subunit synthesis
nuclear envelope double membrane bound, separates nucleus from cytoplasm
cell membrane bilayer with proteins, controls substances into and out of the cell, has 2 layers: hydrophilic and hydrophobic
cilia hairlike structures on the surface of a cell, propels mucus and debris across a cell
ribosomes site of protein synthesis, rna
cytoplasm inner substance of the cell, fluid that houses organelles
cytoskeleton internal structure of a cell, protein arranged
organelles highly organized subcellular living system
peroxisomes sacs found in the cytoplasm with oxidase enzymes, detoxifys molecules
Created by: elowe