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Connors vocab 1

chapters 123

Polar having a positive charged side and a negative charged side
cohesion particles of the same substance sticking together
adhesion water molecules attracting to other molecules
hydrogen bond a weak bond two molecules resulting in electrostatic attraction
hydroxide ion one oxygen and one hydrogen ion
hydronium ion consisting of pronated water
acid measured on the PH scale 0-6 have a sour taste ex.lemon juice
base measured on the ph scale 8-14 ex.soap drain
PH scale scale that measures how acidic or basic something is
buffer control the PH for living systems
organic compound made of carbon atoms and are in most living things
monomer what makes carbon compounds
polymer the result of bonding between monomers
condensation reaction the chemical reaction of when a monomer bonds with a polymer
atp the abbreviation for adosiene triphospate used by the cell to provide energy for the body to function
carbohydrate food compound used as energy made of C H O
monosaccharide a monomer of a carbohydrate
disaccharide when two monosccharides combine through the condensation reaction.
polysaccharide three or more monosaccharides
protein food source formed from amino acids made of C H N O
amino acid building blocks of protein made centrally of carbon and combined with four other fuctional groups
peptide bond in the condensation reaction the two amino acids form a covalent bond called
polypeptide A chain of peptide bonds
enzyme protein molecules
substrate the reactant being catalyzed
active site folds in an enzyme
lipid large non polar organic molecules
steroid composed of four fused carbon rings with various functional groups
nucleic acid transfer important imformation in a cell very large and complex
nucleotide complementary RNA nucleotides resulting in RNA strands
cell makes up organisms
cytoplasm hols celltogether
cytosol cytoplasm that includes molecules and small particles
prokaryote cell without a nucleus and membrane bound cells
eukaryote cells that have a nucleus
organelle organ in a cell
cytoskeleton tubes in the cytosol
microtubule hollow tubes made of protein in cells
microfilament long threads of protein
cilium hair like substance on the surface of a cell _l_l_l
flagellum propels the cell in moving its tail
plastid important to plants one type is chloroplast
Created by: connor.ryan0805