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Motivation/emotion

*BLHS Motivation

QuestionAnswer
motivation a need or desire tht energizes and directs behavior; a person that has been in ia car wreck is told they will never walk again but they motivate themselves to walk
drivereduction theory the idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension state that motivates an organsim to satisfy the need; someone that is hungry will eat to release the tension
homeostasis a tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state; the regulation of any aspect of body chemistry, such as blood glucose, around a particular level; someone that stays the same
incentives a positive or negetive environmental stimulus that motivates behavior; NEED(foor, water).....DRIVE(hunger, thirst)....DRIVE-REDUCING BEHAVIORS(eating, drinking)
hiearachy of needs Maslow's pyramid of human needs, beginning at the base with physiological needs that must first be sastified before higher-level safety needs and the psychological needs become active; someone who is hungry and goes and finds food to eat is at the physiol
set point the point at which an individual's "weight thermostat" is supposedly set. When the body falls below this weight, an increase in hunger and a lowered metabolic rate may act to restore the lost weight; someone that has a set weight and then gains weight an
anorexia nervosa an eating disorder in which a normal-weight person diets and becomes significally underweight, yet still feeling fat, continues to strave; Mary-Kate Olsen, Lindsey Lohan, Nicole Richie all are anorexic
Bulimia nervosa an eating disorder characterized by episodes of overeating, usually of high-calorie foods, followed by vomiting, fasting, or excessive exercise; someone who feels they have ate to much through out the day will throw up so they don't gain the weight
sexual response cycle the four stages of sexual responding described by Masters and Johnson-excitement, plateau, orgasm, and resolution; the stages men and women go through when having sex
refractory period a resting period after orgasm, during which a man cannot achieve another orgasm; a man can no longer have an orgasm
sexual disorders a problem that consistently impairs sexual arousal or functioning; someone who is having problems and cannot get any sexual arousal
sexual orientation an enduring sexual attraction toward members of either one's own sex or the other sex; someone who is attracted to the same sex or attracted to the opposite sex
industrial-organizational psychology (I/O) the application of psychological concepts and methods to optimizing human behavior in workplaces; applies psychology's principles to the workplace
personal psychology a subfield of I/O psypsychology that focuses on employee recruitment, selection, placement, training, appraisal, and development; using psychology when hiring a new employee to know how they will really work
organizational psychology a subfield of I/O psychology that examines organizational influences on worker satsifaction and productivity and facilitates organizational change; seeing how work environments and management styles influence worker motivation, satsifaction, and productiv
structured interviews interview process that asks the same jobrelevant questions of all applications, each of whom is rated on establidhed scales; ask people the same questions and hear all the different answers that are given and place the answers on a scale
achievement motivation a desire for significant accomplishment for mastery of things, people, or ideas; for attaining a higher standard; someone who has to be the best or have the most control
task leadership goal-oriented leadership that sets standards, organizes work, and focuses attention on goals; a leader that sets certain goals and has set standards how they want things done
social leadership group-oriented leadership that builds teamwork, mediates conflict, and offers support; a football team that sets goals for each game and supports teammates
basal metabolic rate the body's resting rate of energy expenditure; the amount of energy expanded while at rest
Created by: alyssa james on 2008-04-29



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