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Vocab for Chapter 6

Myers 7th Edition - Chapter 06 Vocabulary

TERMDEFINITION
SELECTIVE ATTENTION The focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus, as in the cocktail party effect.
VISUAL CAPTURE The tendency for vision to dominate the other senses.
GESTALT An organized whole. These psychologists emphasize our tendency to integrate pieces of information into meaningful wholes.
FIGURE-GROUND The organization of the visual field into objects that stand out from their surroundings.
GROUPING The perceptual tendency to organize stimuli into coherent groups.
DEPTH PERCEPTION The ability to see objects in three dimensions although the images that strike the retina are two-dimensional; allows us to judge distance.
VISUAL CLIFF A laboratory device for testing depth perception in infants and young animals.
BINOCULAR CUES Depth cues, such as retinal disparity and convergence, that depend on the use of two eyes.
MONOCULAR CUES Distance cues, such as linear perspective and overlap, available to either eye alone.
RETINAL DISPARITY A binocular cue for receiving depth: By comparing images from the two eyeballs, the brain computes distance - the greater the disparity (difference) between the two images, the closer the object.
CONVERGENCE A binocular cue for perceiving depth; The extent to which the eyes converge inward when looking at an object.
PHI PHENOMENON An illusion of movement created when two or more adjacent lights blink on and off in succession.
PERCEPTUAL CONSTANCY Perceiving objects as unchanging (having consistent lightness, color, shape, and size) even as illumination and retinal images change.
PERCEPTUAL ADAPTATION In vision, the ability to adjust to an artificially displaced or even inverted visual field.
PERCEPTUAL SET A mental predisposition to perceive one thing and not another.
HUMAN FACTORS PSYCHOLOGY A branch of psychology that explores how people and machines interact and how machines and physical environments can be adapted to human behaviors.
EXTRA SENSORY PERCEPTION The controversial claim that perception can occur apart from sensory input. Said to include telepathy, clairvoyance, and precognition.
PARAPSYCHOLOGY The study of paranormal phenomenon, including ESP and psychokinesis.
Created by: shellenberger on 2005-10-23



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