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Personal Financial Literacy Unit vocabulary

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Term
Definition
Income   Money earned during a specific period; e.g., $10 per hour or $50,000 per year.  
Opportunity Cost   The next-best alternative that is given up when a choice is made.  
Wages   Income earned from working.  
Career Cluster   Jobs within a similar category; e.g., artist and graphic designer, bookkeeper and accountant, chef and dietician.  
Human Capital   Knowledge, skills, experience, and attitude that help a person do a job better.  
Productivity   The amount of output per unit of input; e.g., if 5 workers can produce 25 gizmos in one day, the productivity per day is 5 gizmos per worker.  
Self-assessment   Examining characteristics about yourself.  
Work Ethic   Determination and positive habits on the job. Positive habits include reliability, punctuality, friendliness, honest, and ability to work independently or in cooperation with others.  
ATM   Automatic teller machine  
Debit Card   A plastic card that is used to deduct funds automatically and immediately from a checking account.  
Deposit   Adding money to a bank account.  
Interest   Money paid for the use of someone else's money.  
Overdraft   Writing a check or using a debit card for an amount that is more than the amount on deposit in a bank account.  
PIN   Personal Identification Number; a confidential code used to access private financial information or to make a transaction.  
Service Charge   The fee charged by a financial institution for certain services it provides to customers.  
Withdrawal   Subtracting money from a bank account.  
Annual Fee   The yearly charge for having a credit card.  
Annual Percentage Rate (APR)   The total cost of credit for one year, expressed as a percentage. The APR includes interest and other fees associated with the loan.  
Credit Limit   The maximum amount of credit extended to you by a bank or credit card issuer.  
Finance Charge   The total dollar amount you must pay for the credit you use. The charges may include interest and other fees such as a loan application fee.  
Grace Period   A period of time during which you are not charge interest on new purchases (if you have no outstanding balance).  
Interest   The price of using credit.  
Interest Rate   The price of using credit expressed as a percentage of the amount owed.  
Late Fee   A penalty, in addition to interest, that is charged if payment is received after the due date.  
Minimum Payment   The lowest amount you must pay toward your credit balance each month.  
Collateral   Property or other valuables used as a security to guarantee the repayment of a loan. The lender can claim collateral if the borrower fails to repay.  
Credit Bureau   A firm that collects borrowers' credit histories.  
Credit Report   A history of a borrower's use of credit. You should get a copy of your credit report once a year to ensure there are no mistakes.  
Credit Score   A score used to evaluate a borrower's credit worthiness and likelihood to repay a loan. Credit scores are based primarily on a borrower's payment history and the amount owed. (Also, how long you've had each account, types of credit used, and new credit.)  
Debt-to-Income Ratio   A measurement of how much of your income is being spent on debt. Financial advisors suggest that you keep debt levels below 15% of your net income; debt levels of 20% of your net income are dangerously high. This limit does not include mortgage payments.  


   






 
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Created by: santiano_wms1