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Microbe Terms 1

science terms for Q1

amoeba an animal-like protist
bacteria unicellular organisms that lack membrane-bound structures; a common term used to describe prokaryotes
capsid the protein shell that surrounds a virus
capsule a surface layer on some bacteria that helps them stick to each other and surfaces
cilia a short hair-like appendage used by microorganisms for motion
euglena unicellular protist that lives in freshwater characterized by a reddish eyespot and a single flagellum
eukaryote either unicellular or multi-cellular organism that contains membrane-bound organelles and genetic material within a nucleus
eyespot an organelle of the protist euglena that is sensitive to light
flagellum a whip-like structure on unicellular organisms that aids with movement
microbe any organism or near life form that cannot be seen with the naked eye
paramecium a protist
parasite an organism that derives nourishment or habitat from the tissues or fluids of another organism; a eukaryotic pathogen can be unicellular or multi-cellular
prokaryote a unicellular organism that lacks a true nucleus and membrane-bound organelle
protist generally, a single-celled organism witha nucleus and organelles, including amoebas, paramecia, and volvox
pseudopod an extension of the cytoplasm used for movement in some organisms; a means of locomotion for an amoeba; "false foot"
virus a particle consisting of DNA encased in a protein coat that must inject its DNA into a living cell in order to reproduce; is a microbe that consists of nucleic acid enclosed within a prtein shell that requires a living cell in order to reproduce
Created by: tommiboy999