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Vocab ch.1 democracy and politics

Government the institutions & processes through which public policies are made for society
Public Goods something created for the benefit of the people that can't be denied access to - public places/clean air
Politics determines whom we select as our govt leaders and what policies these leaders pursue
Political Participation the way people participate in politics
Single-issue Groups people who only vote due to a certain single issue
Policymaking Systems reveals the way our govt responds to the priorities of the people
Linkage Institutions parties, elections, interest groups and the media transmit Americans' preferences to the policymakers in the govt
Policy Agenda the issues that attract the serious attention of public officials and other people involved in politics at a point in time
Political Issue an issue that arises when people disagree on a problem and how to fix it
Policymaking Institutions The branches of govt that take action on political issue: Judicial/Executive/Legislative & Bureaucracy
Public Policy Every decision, law passed, budget established, and ruling it hands down, that a govt makes
Democracy a system of selecting policymakers and of organizing govt so that policy reflects citizens' preferences
Majority Rule policies made that reflect the will of over half the majority of the vote
Minority Rights theory that guarantees rights to those of the minority who don't belong in majorities
Representation relationship between the few leaders and the many citizens
Pluralist Theory groups w/ shared interest, no single group is usually dominated
Elite/Class Theory upperclass holds power and makes policies
Hyperpluralism too many ways for groups to control the govt, thus weakening govt
Policy Gridlock when interests conflict and no coalition is strong enough to form a majority and nothing gets fixed
Gross Domestic Product the sum total of the value of all the goods and services a nation makes within a year
Individualism belief that people should get ahead of their own
Created by: vangkia13



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