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GC Chapter 4

Organization of Tissue

QuestionAnswer
Cells that cover internal/exterior surfaces Epithelia
Cell attached/derived from epithelia that produce secretions Glands
Transmembrane proteins that bind to each other or extracellular material Cell adhesion molecules (CAMs)
A thin layer of of glycosaminoglycans that bonds to membranes of adjacent cells Hyaluronic Acid
Lipids of the plasma membrane are bound tightly by interlocking membrane proteins with an inferior adhesion belt Tight Junction
Two cells held together by two interlocking connexons (channel proteins) Gap Junction
Very strong Cell adhesion molecules and proteoglycans that link opposing plasma membranes Desmosomes
Small discs connected to bands of of intermediate filaments Spot desmosomes
Attaches a cell to extracellular filaments in the basement membrane Hemidesmosomes
Stem cells located in the basement membrane that are responsible for replacing dead/damaged epithelium Germinative cells
When one layer of cells covers the basement membrane Simple epithelium
Several layers of cells cover the basement membrane Stratified epithelium
Epithelium cells that resemble fried eggs Squamous epithelium
Squamous Epithelium that line ventral body cavity Mesothelium
Squamous Epithelium that line inner surfaces of the heart and blood vessels Endothelium
Line the mouth, rectum, anus, throat, esophagus and vagina Stratified Squamous Epithelium
Type of epithelium lining the oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, anus, vagina stratified squamous eptihelium
Epithelium that provides limited protection and occurs where secretion/absorption take place Simple cuboidal epithelium
Epithelium that are located along sweat glands and larger mammary ducts Stratified cuboidal epithelium
Epithelium that tolerates repeated cycles of stretching and recoiling without damage (cells of the bladder) Transitional epithelium
Rare tissue in the pharynx, epiglottis anus mammary glads salivary gland ducts and urethra Stratified Columnar epithelium
tissue used for absorption and diffusion Simple squamous epthelium
Used for secretion and absorption, kidneys, glands Simple cuboidal epithelium
Sectretion and absorption using brush border Simple Columnar epithelium
Created by: 100000860991270