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Anatomy Chapter 9-12

The Nervous System

QuestionAnswer
Skeletal muscles are voluntarily controlled by the Somatic Nervous System
What type of cells are involved in most nervous system tumors? Neuroglia
The correct order for Synaptic Transmission Presynaptic neuron, synapse, post synaptic neuron
Which nervous system promotes the fight or flight response Sympathetic nervous system
What divides the cerebrum into left and right hemispheres Longitudinal fissure
What is an abnormal accumulation of CSF in the brain Hydrocephalus
Tremors, limb rigidity and slow movement with impaired balance are signs of Parkinson's Disease
The correct order for the eyeball tunic is Sclera Choroid Retina
The main refracting structure of the eye is Cornea
Information from the retina is carried to the brain by which cranial nerve Optic Nerve
What does a target tissue need to respond to a hormone Receptor
This hormone stimulates milk production in the breast Prolactin
The principle hormone increasing metabolic rate in the body cells is Thyroxine
Epinephrine and no epinephrine are released by adrenal medulla
Sleep wake cycles are regulated by which gland pineal
Peripheral neuritis is the same as peripheral neuropathy and is defined as what? degeneration of the nerves supplying the distal area of extremities
Lumbar puncture is a procedure involving what? spinal cord
How many spinal nerves are there? 31
An inflammation of the meninges is Meningitis
Cerebrovascular accident is also known as Stroke
What is Bells Palsy? Facial paralysis caused by inflammation of the facial nerve
There are how many cranial nerves? 12
The ossicles of the ear are known as malleus, incus and staphes
What is the term for low blood sugar? High Blood sugar? Low- Hypoglycemia, High-Hyperglycemia
Do hormones have widespread effects on growth, metabolism and reproduction? Yes
The most common type of hormone regulation is what kind of feedback? Negative feedback
What is considered the master gland and controlled by the hypothalmus Pituitary
The largest endocrine gland which lies in lateral lobes on either side of the larynx is Thyroid
What mineral is regulated by Calcitonin and Parathyroid Hormone? Calcium
These hormones from the adrenal medulla include and are considered fight or flight hormones Epinephrine and Norepinephrine
What effect does corticol have on glucose levels in the blood? Raises glucose levels
What two hormones are produced by islets of langerhans of the pancreas and act to regulate glucose levels in the blood? Insulin and Glucagon
Which type of diabetes is most severe and less common? Type 1 diabetes
Which hormone is low or ineffective in case of diabetes mellitus? Insulin
What is the name of the male sex gland? Testes
What are some of the organs other than the endocrine gland that produces hormones? Stomach, small intestine, kidneys, brain, heart and placenta
Which hormone is used medically to treat severe allergy reaction or anaphylactic shock? Epinephrine
What hormones are released in times of stress? Epinephrine, norepinephrine, ACTH, cortical, growth and sex hormones
This hormone has the ability to suppress inflammatory response and is often given as medication for this purpose Glucosteroids
This is a slowly progressive hearing loss that accompanies aging Presbycusis
Cells or tissue that carry out a response to a stimulus effector
Cells that detect a stimulus receptor
Cell that transmits impulses to CNS Sensory neuron
The greatest sensory nerve of the face Trigeminal nerve
An irregularity in the curvature of the cornea and lens Astigmatism
Increased pressure within the eye Glaucoma
If a patient suffers damage to this area they exhibit difficulty in speech Broca Area
This type of cell is located after the synapse and receives neurotransmitters for a presynaptic cell Postsynaptic cell
The part of the brain which has centers for control of vital functions such as respiration and heartbeat Medulla Oblongata
Paralysis of four limbs Quadriplegia
Created by: 100000914581547