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Vocabulary Set #3

Zoology The branch of biology that deals with animals and animal life, including the study of the structure, physiology, development, and classification of animals.
Herbivore An animal that feeds mainly or only on plants. In a food chain, herbivores are primary consumers.
Niche The function or position of a species within an ecological community. A specie’s niche includes the physical environment to which it has become adapted as well as its role as producer and consumer of food resources.
Carnivore An animal that feeds chiefly on the flesh of other animals. Carnivores include predators such as lions and alligators, and scavengers such as hyenas and vultures; a plant that eats insects, such as a Venus flytrap.
Omnivore An organism that eats both plants and animals.
Symbiotic A close association between two or more different organisms of different species that may, but does not necessarily, benefit each member.
Mutualism An association between organisms of two different species in which each member benefits.
Consumer A heterotrophic organism that feeds on other organisms in a food chain.
Parasitic/Parasite An animal or plant that lives in or on another (the host) from which it obtains nourishment. The host does not benefit from the association and is often harmed by it
Decomposer An organism, often a bacteria or fungus, that feeds on and breaks down dead plant or animal matter, thus making organic nutrients available to the ecosystem.
Predation When a predator organism feeds on another living organism.
Competition Relationship between organisms when they strive for limited resources.
Asexual Reproduction The process of forming a new individual from a single parent.
Sexual Reproduction The process of forming a new individual from two parents.
Created by: jshowerman