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Test1_Chapter 59

Assessment and Management of Patients With Hearing and Balance Disorders Chp 59

QuestionAnswer
acute otitis media: inflammation in the middle ear lasting less than 6 weeks
cholesteatoma: tumor of the middle ear or mastoid, or both, that can destroy structures of the temporal bone
chronic otitis media: repeated episodes of acute otitis media causing irreversible tissue damage and persistent tympanic membrane perforation
conductive hearing loss: loss of hearing in which efficient sound transmission to the inner ear is interrupted by some obstruction or disease process
deafness: partial or complete loss of the ability to hear
dizziness: altered sensation of orientation in space
endolymphatic hydrops: dilation of the endolymphatic space of the inner ear; the pathologic correlate of Ménière’s disease
exostoses: small, hard, bony protrusions in the lower posterior bony portion of the ear canal
labyrinthitis: inflammation of the labyrinth of the inner ear
Ménière’s disease: condition of the inner ear characterized by a triad of symptoms:
middle ear effusion: fluid in the middle ear without evidence of infection
myringotomy (ie, tympanotomy): incision in the tympanic membrane
nystagmus: involuntary rhythmic eye movement
ossiculoplasty: surgical reconstruction of the middle ear bones to restore hearing
otalgia: sensation of fullness or pain in the ear
otitis externa (ie, external otitis): inflammation of the external auditory canal
otorrhea: drainage from the ear
otosclerosis: a condition characterized by abnormal spongy bone formation around the stapes
presbycusis: progressive hearing loss associated with aging
rhinorrhea: drainage from the nose
sensorineural hearing loss: loss of hearing related to damage of the end organ for hearing or cranial nerve VIII, or both
tinnitus: subjective perception of sound with internal origin; unwanted noises in the head or ear
tympanoplasty: surgical repair of the tympanic membrane
vertigo: illusion of movement in which the individual or the surroundings are sensed as moving
Created by: jhrobins99