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Test1_Chapter 12A

Health Care of the Older Adult - Chapter 12

activities of daily living (ADLs): basic personal care activities;bathing, dressing, grooming, eating, toileting, and transferring
advance directive: a formal, legally endorsed document that provides instructions for care (“living will”)
ageism: a bias that discriminates, stigmatizes, and disadvantages older people based solely on their chronologic age
comorbidity: having more than one illness at the same time (eg, diabetes mellitus and congestive heart failure)
delirium: an acute, confused state that begins with disorientation that if not immediately evaluated and treated, can progress to changes in level of consciousness, irreversible brain damage, and sometimes death
dementia: broad term for a syndrome characterized by a general decline in higher brain functioning, such as reasoning, with a pattern of eventual decline in ability to perform even basic activities of daily living, such as toileting and eating
depression: the most common affective (mood) disorder of old age; results from changes in reuptake of the eurochemical serotonin in response to chronic illness and emotional stresses related to the physical and social changes associated with the aging process
durable power of attorney: a formal, legally endorsed document that identifies a proxy decision maker who can make decisions if the signer becomes incapacitated
elder abuse: the physical, emotional, or financial harm to an elderly person by one or more of the individual’s children, caregivers, or others; includes neglect
instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs): activities that are essential for independent living, such as shopping, cooking, housework, using the telephone, managing medications and finances, and being able to travel by car or public transportation
orientation: a person’s ability to recognize who and where he or she is in a time continuum; used to evaluate one’s basic cognitive status
polypharmacy: the administration of multiple medications at the same time; common in older persons with several chronic illnesses
presbycusis: the decreased ability to hear high-pitched tones that naturally begins in midlife as a result of irreversible inner ear changes
presbyopia: the decrease in visual accommodation that occurs with advancing age
sundowning: increased confusion at night
Created by: jhrobins99