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GC Chapter 3

Cellular Level of organization

The sperm of males, oocytes of females Germ cells
Body Cells Somatic cells
cylindrical structures composed of short microtubules triplet, in 9+0 array Centrioles
Proteins essential to the membrane structure Integral proteins
Proteins anchored to the inner/outer surface of the membrane (post it notes) Peripheral Proteins
Proteins that attach to other structures inside or structures outside the celll Anchoring Proteins
Proteins that are used to ID other substances Recognition Proteins
Proteins sensitive to the the presence of extra cellular molecules Receptor Proteins
Extracellular molecules (ie ions, minerals and hormones) Ligands
Proteins that bind solutes and transport them across the membrane Carrier Proteins
Central pore of a protein to allow specific ions to pass through Channel
Carbohydrate prortion of Proteoglycans, glycoproteins, and glycolipids that extends beyond the membrane Glycocalyx
Contains cytosol and organelles cytoplasm
intracellular fluid containing dissolved nutrients, ions, soluble/insoluble proteins cytosol
Protein that makes up microflilaments actin
Globular protein that makes up microtubules tubulin
The cytoplasm surrounding the centrioles centrosome
ribosomes attached to the ER fixed ribosomes
Ribosomes in the cytoplasm Free ribosomes
Remove and recycle damaged/denatured proteins , ie those made in the cell infected by viruses Proteasomes
synthesis of cholesterol, hormones, glycerides ,glycogen, absorbs ions, inactivates drugs Smooth ER`
Workshop and shipping warehouse for new proteins Rough ER
where does glycolysis occur? cytoplasm
aerobic metabolism krebs cycle, requires O2
produces messenger RNA from the template strand of the DNA? Transcription
The process of protein synthesis is called __________. translation
Created by: 100000860991270