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intro to medical ter

vocab chapter 1

abdomin/o abdomen
angi/o blood and lymph vessel
appendi/o to add as a suplement or appendix
arteri arteries
arth joint
col/o large intestine
cyan/o blue
dermat/o skin
eryth/o red
gastro/o stomach
hem/o blood
hepat/o liver
muscula/o muscles
my/o muscles
nat/o birth
nuer/o nerves
ot/o ear, hearing
rhin/o nose
path/o disease
tonsil/o tonsils
vir/o poison, virus
dys bad, difficult or painful
hyper over
hypo under
algia pain
ectomy exicision or surgical removal
itis inflammation
osis abnormal increase in production
ostomy creation of an artificial opening
otomy cut into
plasty surgical removaal
rrhage abnormal excessive fluid discharge
rrhagia bleeding
rrhaphy surgical suturing
rrhea flow discharge
rrhexis rupture
sclerosis abnormal hardening
abdominocentesis is the surgical puncture of the abdominal cavity to remove fluid
acronym is a formed from the initial letter of the major parts of a compound term. for example, the acronym for laser stands for Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation
acute a condition has a rapid onset, severe, course and relatively short duration
angigraphy is a radiographic (x-ray) study of the blood vessels after the injection of a contrast medium
appendetomy the surgical removal for the appendix
arteriosclerosis also known as hardening of the arteries is any of a group of disease characterized by thickening and the loss of the elaticity of arterial walls
arthraligia pain in the joints or joint
colostomy is the surgical creation of an artificial excretory opening between the colon and the body surface
cyanosis is blue discoloration of the skin caused by lack of adequate oxygen in the blood
dermatologist someone who studys the skin
diagnosis is the identification of a disease
diarrhea is the frequent flow or loose or watery stools
edema describes swelling caused by excess fluid in the body tissue
endarterial means to pertaining to the interior or lining of an artery
eponym is a disease structure, operation, or procedurem named for the person who discovered it first
erythrocyte mature red blood cell
fissure is a groove or crack like sore of the skin
fistula is an abnormal passage usually between two internal organs or leading from one organ to the surface of the body
gastralgia pain in the stomach
gastritis is an inflamation of the stomach
gastroenteritis is an inflammation of the stomach and small intestine
gastrosis any disease of the stomach
hemorrhage is the loss of a large amount of blood in a short time
hepatomegaly is an abnormal enlargement of the liver
hypertension is higher then the normal blood pressure
hypotension is lower than normal blood pressure
infection is the invasion of the body by a pathogenic
inflammation is a localized response to an injury or destruction of tissue
interstital means between but not within the parts of the tissue
intramuscular means within the muscle
laceration is a torn or jagged wound or an accidental cut wound
lesion is a pathogenic change of the tissues due to disease or injury
myelopathy describes any pathologic change or disease in the spinal cord
myopathy describes any pathologic change or disease of muscles tissue
myorrhexis is the rupture of a muscle
natal pertaining to birth
neonatology the branch of pediartrics that deals with the disease and care of newborn infants
neuritis inflammation of a nerve or gruop opf nerves
otorhinolaryngology medical specialty in the ear, nose, mouth
palpation to examine or explore by touching
palpitation irregular, rapid beating or pulsation of the heart
pathology the study of disease, its course,its nature, processes, development and concequences
phalanges plural of phalanx
poliomyelitis a highly infectious viral disease that chiefly affects children and in its acute forms, causes inflammation of motor, neurons of the spinal cord and brainstems, leading to paralysis,muscular atrophy and often deformity
prognosis recovery of a disease
prostate prostate gland
pyoderma a pyogenic skin disease
pyrosis heartburn
remission the act of remiting
sign something that suggests the presence or existence of a fact, condition or quality
supination to turn or rotate
suppuration the formation or discharge of pus
supracostal situated above or on the outside of the ribs
symptom a characteristic sign or indication of the existence of something else
syndrome a group of symptom that collectively indicate or chacterized a disease psychological disorder or other abnormal condition
tonsillitis inflammation of the tonsils
trauma a serious injury or shock to the body
triage a process for sorting injured people into gruop base on their need
viral relating to or caused by a virus
Created by: Mildred Mejia