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Court Reporting

Medical Systems & Terminology

QuestionAnswer
abduct draw away from the median line on the body
abscess localized collection of pus buried in tissues, organs, or confined spaces
acetabulum socket in the pelvis within which the head of the femur fits
acromioclavicular joint shoulder-collarbone junction
adduct draw toward the median line of the body
allesthesia the circumstance whereby a sensation such as pain or touch is experienced at a point remote from that at which the stimulus occurs
anastomosis a connection between two vessels
brachial plexus (not brachioplexus) a network of vessels and nerves in the shoulder/arm region
bronchiectasis dilation of the bronchial tubes
bruit sound or mumur heard in ausculation, especially an abnormal one
cardiology the study of the heart and its functions
cerebrospinal (not cerebral spinal) pertaining to the brain and spinal cord
Cesarean section a surgical incision through the abdominal wall and uterus, performed to deliver a fetus
cholecystectomy excision of the gallbladder
chondromalacia abnormal softening of cartilege
creatinine substance found in muscle and blood and excreted in the urine
discogram graphic record of the view of an intervertebral disk
dysphagia difficulty in swallowing
ecchymosis small hemorrhagic spot on the skin - larger than a petechia
edema presence of abnormally large amounts of fluid in the intercellular tissue spaces of the body
encephalopathy any degenerative disease of the brain
fasciculated clustered together or occurring in bundles
fascitis inflannation of a fascia, a band of fibrous tissue that lies deep under the skin
foramenotomy the operation of removing the roof of teh intervertebral foramina for the relief of nerve root compression
fundus the bottom or base of anything - e.g., uterus, eye
gallbladder small, pear-shaped muscular sac, located under the right lobe of the liver, in which bile secreted by the liver is stored until needed by the body for digestion
gastroenteritis an acute inflammation of the lining of the stomach and intestines
glioblastoma a rapidly growing tumer
hypotension abnormally low blood pressure
hypoxia reduction of sufficient oxygen in tissues in spite of adequate blood supply
ileum a portion of the small intestine
ileus a bowel obstruction
ilium pelvis; part of the hipbone
laminectomy excision of the posterior arch of a vertebra
laparoscopy examination of the interior of the abdomen by means of instrument called a laparoscope
lordosis abnormally increased curvature of the thoracic and lumbar spine
luxation dislocation in which bone is displaced from its normal position in the joint cavity
musculoskeletal pertaining to or comprising the skeleton and the muscles
nephrology scientific study of teh kidney, its anatomy, physiology, pathology, and pathophysiology
neurology that branch of medical science which deals with the nervous system
nystagmus involuntary, rapid movement of the eyeball
oophorocystectomy excision of an ovarian cyst
ophthalmology the branch of medical science dealing with the anatomy, functions and diseases of the eye
orthopedics the branch of surgery and medical science which is specially concerned with the preservation and restoration of the function of the skeletal system, its articulations, and associated structures
paracentesis aspiration
patella kneecap
perfusion the passage of a fluid through the vessels of a specific organ
petechia a tiny red spot on teh skin, but usually in the plural (petechiae)
plantar fasciitis inflammation of the fascia of the sole of the foot
pulmonology the medical science concerned with the anatomy, physiology, and pathology of the lungs
Raynaud's disease vascular disorder characterized by ischemia of the fingers or toes
syncope temporary suspension of consciousness, a faint or swoon
spondylitis inflammation of one or more vertebrae
spondylosis degenerative changes of vertebrae
spondylolisthesis forward displacement of lumbar vertebra(e)
stapedectomy surgical creation of a small opening in the stapes
venous of or pertaining to the veins
viscid sticky, thick
xiphoid shaped like a sword, as in xiphoid process
Created by: amyswint