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Pharm test 1

chapters 1 &2

QuestionAnswer
The ___ is a well established, research supported framework for professional nursing. It's a flexible, adaptable, & adjustable 5 step process consisting of assessment, nursing Dx, planning, implementation, and evaluation nursing process
during the __phase, data are collected, reviewed, and analyzed. assessment
data are categorized into __ & __ data objective and subjective
___ data may be defined as any information gathered through the senses or that which is seen, heard, felt, or smelled. objective
Prescriptions, OTC, herbal therapies, diet supplements, illegal drugs, hormonal drugs (birth control, estrogen), current meds, allergies, and responses to medications (therapeutic and adverse) are examples of the medication Hx
In the ___ the nurse must make a decision about the need/problem of the Pt. (actual or at risk), use the NANDA-I format, use crit thinking, creativity, and accurate data collection. nursing Dx
The nursing Dx has 3 parts. 1- human response to illness (actual or at risk) 2-related to 3- as evidenced by
After data are collected and nursing Dx are formulated, the ____phase begins. planning
Identify goals and outcome criteria (must be specific and measurable) (must be Pt centered), time frame, and prioritization planning
__ are objective, measurable, and realistic, with an established time period for achievement of outcomes. Goals
_ are concrete descriptions of Pt goals. they should be patient focused, succinct, and well thought out. specific standards of measure and Pt specific outcome criteria
_ consist of initiation and completion of specific actions by the nurse as defined by nursing Dx. and outcome criteria implementation
the 6 rights of medication administration 1-right drug 2-right dose 3-right documentation 4-right time 5-right route 6- right Pt
6 rights: generic name should be used. Check 3 times right drug
6 rights: id from order. check math dosage. check vital signs right dose
1/2 hour rule. use military time. avoid abbreviations. know Pt and medicine (example, if meds make you sleepy and Pt has busy life) right time
check name, id number, age/DOB, and allergies before giving meds. right Pt
date/time. name of meds given, dose, route, and site. if no drug given, state why!if med error occured right documentation
any preventable event that may cause or lead to inappropriate medication use or Pt harm while the medication is in the control of health care professional. Medication error
Includes: professional practices, health care product systems. Prescribing order, product labeling, packaging, communication, dispensing, distribution, administration, education, monitoring, and use medication error
_ occurs after the nursing care plan has been implemented. its systematic, ongoing, and a dynamic phase of the nursing process as related to drug therapy. evaluation
__ includes monitoring the patients therapeutic response to a drug, adverse effects, & toxic effects. evaluation
During pt assessment & drug therapy, a nurse should have information on what 3 things assess all drugs physical characteristics psychosocial
_should include: height, weight, muscle mass/ability to swallow/Gi integrity/ etc, chronic illness (Liver and renal) physical characteristics
_ should include: age & developmental stage, education/ reading level, ethnic group, cultural & religious beliefs psychosocial
__ should contain: 1- Pt name 2- date of order 3- name of drug 4- dosage- amount, frequency, number of doses 5- delivery route (very important) 6- prescriber signature medication order
if you are monitoring a pt, what nursing Dx step are you doing evaluation
any chemical that affects the physiologic process of a living organism drug
study or science of drugs pharmacology
describes the drug's chemical composition and molecular structure chemical name
name given by the US adopted name council generic
drug has a registered trademark trade
study of how various dosage forms influence the way in which the body metabolizes a drug and the way in which the drug affects the body. (capsule, pill, chewable, etc) pharmaceutics
study of what the body does to the drug molecules; involves the processes of absorption, distribution, biotransformation, metabolism, and excretion. Determines onset of action, peak effect, and duration of action pharmacokinetics
study of what the drug does to the body. the mechanism of drug actions in living tissues pharmacodynamics
3 principles of pharmacodynamics: 1- drug action depends on __ & __ the interacts in the body. 2- Drugs __ existing body functions 3- no drug has a __ reaction where and how modify single
dose formulated drug. Then administration. What phase does it enter physical characteristics
what phase disintegration of dosage form dissolution of drug in body physical characteristics
after administration of drug, and Pharmaceutical phase, what is next drug available for absorption
after the drug is available for absorption, what phase is next pharmacokinetic phase
what phase is absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion pharmacokinetic
after drug is available for absorption and pharmacokinetic phase, what is next drug available for action
after the drug is available for action, what phase is next pharmacodynamic
what phase is drug-receptor interaction (Last phase, next action is effect) pharmacodynamic
study of the uses of drugs and the clinical indications for administering drugs to prevent and treat disease. Includes empirical and rational therapeutics pharmacotherapetics
the study of natural (plant and animal) drug sources pharmacognosy
study of adverse effects of drugs and other chemicals on living systems toxicology
normally 17 years from time when a new drug molecule is discovered through development and initial marketing patent life
left off pg 10 in syllabus. page 19 in book. slide 12 on power point
Created by: KP1031