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GC Chapter 2

Chapter 2 A&P

QuestionAnswer
CH2O Carbohydrate
Glucose,galactose,fructose Monosaccharides
Same type & Number of Atoms, but different structure Isomers
Table sugar (sucrose) Disaccharides
Glycogen Polysaccharide
C12H24O2 Lipid
long chains with hydrogen atoms attached will a COOH tail Fatty acids
Lipids derived from arachidonic acid Eicosanoids
short chained fatty acids in which 5 carbon atoms are joined in a ring Prostaglandins
Fatty acids attached to a modified simple sugar o< Glycerides
Have 4 distinctive carbon rings with an attached side chain Steroids
A phosphate group links a diglyceride to a non lipid group Phospholipid
A carbohydrate attached to a diglyceride Glycolipid
Large numbers of phospholipids and glycolipids micelles
ion or molecule that must bind to the enzyme before substrates can also bind cofactor
Non protein organic molecules that function as cofactors, ie vitamins Coenzymes
large proteins with small carbohydrates groups attached Glycoproteins
Large polysaccharide molecules linked by polypeptide chains Proteoglycans
Glycoprotein secretions that absorb water to create mucous Mucins
Large organic molecules of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen and phosphorus that store and process information at the molecular level Nucleic Acids
Individual subunits of of nucleic acid nucleotides, adenine, guanine, cytosine, thymine, uracil
Adenine, Guanine Purines
Cytosine, Thymine, Uracil Pyrimidines
Complementary base to adenine Thymine
Complementary base to cytosine Guanine
when a covalent bond (potential energy) is broken and kinetic energy is released catabolism
total number of protons plus the number of neutrons mass number
Created by: 100000860991270