Busy. Please wait.

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove ads
Don't know
remaining cards
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards

Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Hepatic PCC obj 4

Nutritional deficiencies are common with severe liver disease. Inadequate intake of sufficient vitamins including? Vit A, vit c, Fat soluble vit (A,D,E,K) Thiamine, Riboflavin, Pyridoxine, Folic Acid
Decreased secretion of bile salts prevents absorption of ____ _____ vitamins such as? which causes what? -fat soluble vitamins suck as Vit K, which causes problems with clotting factors, thus producing bleeding and bruising. also prolong PT
Whiat is a good nutritional diet for liver disease? vitmain supplements, small frequent meals, PM snack of complex CHO's, may need to avoid protein loading; enteral or parenteral nutrition.
What is dietary modification in ascites? Negative sodium balance d/t decrease fluid ret. Na restriction (500 mg -2gm) Offer alter. flavorings: lemon, vin, parsley, oregano, Thyme. If serum Na falls - may need to restrict fluids to 1000-1500 ml/day
What is jaundice? When serum bilirubin level exceeds 2.5 mg/dL, all body tissues including the sclerae and the skin become tinged yellow or greenish/yellow
What are the different types of jaundice? Hemolytic, hepatocellular, obstructive jaundice, & hereditary hyperbilirubinemia
What 2 types are commonly associated w/ liver disease? Hepatocellular & obstructive
Type of jaundice caused by RBC breakdown, bilirbuin is released, liver cannot take care of all the bilirubin floating around. then can cause pigment stones. If it gets too high (20-25 mg/dL) poses a risk for brainstem damage Hemolytic Jaundice
How is jaundice made? (results from?) Impairment of hepatic uptake Conjugation of bilirubin, or excretion of bilirubin into the biliary system
_______ is caused by the inability of damaged liver cells to clear normal amounts of bili from the blood. Hepatocellular Jaundice
Cellular damage may be caused by? Hepatitis viruses, chemical or medication toxins, or ETOH
In prolonged obstructive jaundice cell damage eventually develops, both types of jaundice appear together. What are they? obstructive & hepatocellular jaundice
Patient w/ hepatocellular jaundice may appear w/ what S&S? Mildly/severly ill w/ Lack of appetite, nausea, melaise, fatigue, weakness, & possible wt. loss. (pt may report: HA, chills, & fever if cause is infectious)
Depending on the cause & extent of liver cell damage, hepatocellular jaundice may be? Completely reversible
The skin and mucose & sclera are inspected for? Jaundice
The extremities are assessed for? (3) muscle atrophy, edema, skin excoration secondary to scratching.
Increase serum bilirubin levels resulting from any several intented disorders (increase unconjuguated bili) Hereditary Hyperbilirubinemia
What is a familial disorder assoc. w/ jaundice? Gillberts syndrome (also Dubin-johnson's syndrom & rotor's)
What is caused from extraheptaic obstruction. may be caused by occlusion of the bile duct from a gallstone, inflammation, tumor, or pressure from an enlarged organ. obstructive jaundice
Making bile cannot flow normally into intestine & becomes backed up into the livr . How does this cause jaundice? it is then reabsorbed into blood and carried throughout the body, staining the skin, mucous membranes, and sclerae
Created by: 504151831