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Evolution of Psych


Structuralism based on the notion that the task of psych is to analyze consciousness into its basic elements and investigate how these elements are related
Introspection the careful, systematic self observation of one's own conscious experience
Functionalism psych should investigate the function or purpose of consciousness rather than its structure
Natural Selection heritable characteristics that provide a survival or reproductive advantage are more likely than alternative characteristics to be passed on to subsequent generations and thus become "selected over time"
Unconscious contains thoughts, memories, and desires that are below the surface of conscious awareness but that nonetheless exert a great influence on behavior
Psychoanalytic Theory attempts to explain personality, motivation, and mental disorders by focusing on unconscious determinants of behavior
Behaviorism theoretical orientation based on the premise that scientific psych should study only observable behavior
Behavior refers to any overt, or observable, response or activity bu an organism
Humanism theoretical orientation that emphasizes the unique qualities of humans, especially their freedom and potential for personal growth
Applied Psychology branch of psych concerned with everyday, practical problems
Clinical Psychology psych concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of psychological problems and disorders
Cognition mental process involved in acquiring knowledge
Ethnocentrism the tendency to view one's own group as superior to others and as the standard for judging the worth of foreign ways
Evolutionary Psychology examines the behavioral process in terms of their adaptive value for members of a species over the course of many generations
Positive Psychology uses theory and research to beter understand the positive, adaptive, creative, and fulfilling aspects of human existence
Psychology the science that studies behavior and the physiological and cognitive processes that underlie it, and it is the profession that applies the accumulated knowledge of this science to practical problems
Psychiatry branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of psychological problems and disorders
Empiricism premise that knowledge should be acquired through observation
Theory system of interrelated ideas used to explain a set of observations
Culture widely shared customs, beliefs, values, norms, institutions, and other products of community that are transmitted socially across generations
SQ3R study system designed to promote effective reading which includes: survey, question, read, recite, review.
Testwiseness ability to use the characteristics and format of a cognitive test to maximise one's score
Critical Thinking use of cognitive skills and strategies that increase the probability of a desirable outcome
Created by: 537841019