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VNSG 1204 Exam 1

Foundations of Nursing

What is another term for vocation Calling
Nursing in England and in Europe believe what that illness was caused by sinful actions
Who was the first visiting nurse Phobe,she was introduced by St. Paul to care for those who were sick as a Christian order
When did nursing become a recognized vocation During the crusades 1100 to 1200 AD
Lay people were recruited to care for the sick when during times of plague and pestilence
In the late 1500's the government took over and infections grew in numbers
During the late 1500's when government took over who took care of the patients Criminals, orphans, and widows
Florence Nightingale First person to desire to become a nurse
Nightingale volunteered her services during what war Crimean war
Because of nightingale and her methods the death rate dropped from what to what 60% to 1%
After the war what did Florence Nightingale do started the first nursing training school
Nutrition, clean air, patients need therapy, nursing should be directed to health and illness, nursing should be taught by nurses, CE is needed Nightingale Curriculum Beliefs
Social worker, appointed by Union government to provide nursing to the soldiers Dorthea Dix
One of these nurses, took volunteers into field hospitals, later founded the American Red Cross Clara Barton
Took nursing into the community Lillian Wald
Through the years US schools became more organized and uniform and training lengthened from 6 months to 3 years
To promote wellness, to prevent illness, to facilitate coping, and to restore health Four common goals of nursing
The LVN must take the following roles Caregiver, Educator, Collaborator, and Manager
Aimed at maintaining and restoring a person's health Caregiver
Directed toward promoting wellness and preventing illness Educator
provides direct patient care under the supervision of a registered nurse, physician, or dentist Practical nursing
provides direct patient care under the supervision of a registered nurse, physician, or dentist Practical Nursing
masters prepared with extra training Nurse practitioner
registered nurse with further training in midwifery Certified nurse midwife
series of tasks such as administration of medication and treatments functional nursing care
registered nurse as team leader team nursing
one nurse takes care of all of the patient's needs total patient care
one nurse plans and directs care for a patient over 24 hour time period Primary nursing
DRGs Diagnosis-Related Groups
hospital receives a set amount of money for a patient who is hospitalized with a certain diagnosis Diagnosis related group
set of providers and services organized to deliver coordinated care integrated delivery network
preventative, primary, secondary, tertiary, restorative, and continuing care six levels of care
group practice, enroll patients for a set fee per month Health maintenance organizations
discounted fees in return for a larger pool of potential patients preferred provider organizations
attempt at decreasing healthcare costs managed care
for some it is the absence of disease for others it is optimal functioning on every level Health
relative state in which one is able to function well physically, mentally, socially, and spiritually in order to express the full range of one's unique potentialities within the environment in which one is living Health
disease of body or mind Illness
the state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity in 1946 the WHO redefined health as
WHO world health organization
persisting for a long time chronic illness
one that develops suddenly and resolves in a short time Acute illness
illness with no cure available, ends in death Terminal illness
one that develops without being caused by another health problem primary illness
results from primary illness secondary illness
one for which there is no known cause Idiopathic illness
onset of illness transition stage
sick role acceptance stage
recovery convalescence stage
total recovery is replaced by adaption to limitations and positive use of remaining capabilities if the disease is chronic
lack of adjustment Maladaption
able to function well physically and mentally and to express the full range of ones potentialities within the environment in which one is living current views of health and illness
adjusting to or accepting challenges Coping
considers biologic, psychological, sociologic, and spiritual aspects and needs of the patient the holistic approach
the basic physical needs such as food, air, water, and rest must be satisfied before the higher emotional-level needs emerge Maslow's theory of basic needs
equilibrium means balance
response to change Adaption
adverse stimulus Stressor
the sum of biologic reactions that take place in response to any stressor Stress
the body deals with stressors by secretion of hormones GAS= general adaption system
hormone release mobilizes the body's defense Alarm stage
body is battling for equilibrium stage of resistance
occurs if the stressor is severe enough or is present over a long period of time stage of exhaustion
blocking from memory repression
more serious form denial
blaming someone else projection
act opposite of how you feel reaction-formation
returning to an earlier level of adaption regression
justify an experience rationalization
modeling behavior after someone else identification
unconscious imitation introjection
placing intense feelings on a less threatening object displacement
rechanneling an impulse into a more socially desirable object sublimation
progressive relaxation, massage, biofeedback, yoga, mediation, and physical exercise stress reduction techniques
avoids or delays occurrence of a specific disease or disorder primary prevention
following guidelines for screening for disease secondary prevention
rehab after patient has already had disease tertiary prevention
Created by: nursekk