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Antibiotic Names

Trade and generic names of antibiotics; organization of antibiotics

QuestionAnswer
Sulfonamides (Sulfamethoxazole) Antimetabolite; disrupts tetrahydrofolic acid synthesis
Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim (SMZ)/(TMP) Antimetabolite; disrupts tetrahydrofolic acid synthesis
Penicillin G Penicillin; Beta Lactam; Weakens bacterial cell wall
Nafcillin Penicillin; Beta Lactam; Weakens bacterial cell wall
Oxacillin Penicillin; Beta Lactam; Weakens bacterial cell wall
Ampicillin/Sulbactam (Unasyn) Penicillin; Beta Lactam; Weakens bacterial cell wall
Amoxicillin/clavulanate (Augmentin) Penicillin; Beta Lactam; Weakens bacterial cell wall
Ticacillin/clavulanic acid (Timentin) Penicillin; Beta Lactam; Weakens bacterial cell wall
Piperacillin/tazobactam (Zosyn) Penicillin; Beta Lactam; Weakens bacterial cell wall
Cefazolin (Ancef) 1st generation Cephalosporin; Beta Lactam; Weakens bacterial cell wall
Cefotetan (Cefotan) 2nd generation Cephalosporin; Beta Lactam; Weakens bacterial cell wall
Ceftriaxone (Rocephin) 3rd generation Cephalosporin; Beta Lactam; Weakens bacterial cell wall
Cefepime (Maximpime) 4th generation Cephalosporin; Beta Lactam; Weakens bacterial cell wall
Aztreonam (Azactam) Monobactam; Beta Lactam; Weakens bacterial cell wall
Imipenem (Primaxin) Carbapenem; Beta Lactam; Weakens bacterial cell wall
Vancomycin Weakens bacterial cell wall
Doxycycline (Vibramycin) Tetracycline; Bacteriostatic; Inhibits protein synthesis
Tigecycline (Tygacil) Glycylcycline; Bacteriostatic; Inhibits protein synthesis
Azithromycin (Zithromax) Erythromycin; Macrolide; Bacteriostatic; Inhibits protein synthesis
Clarithromycin (Biaxin) Erythromycin; Macrolide; Bacteriostatic; Inhibits protein synthesis
Telethromycin (Ketek) Ketolide; Bacteriostatic; Inhibits protein synthesis
Clindamycin (Cleocin) Bacteriostatic; Inhibits protein synthesis
Linezolid (Zyvox) Bacteriostatic; Inhibits protein synthesis
Chloramphenicol (Chloromycetin) Bacteriostatic; Inhibits protein synthesis
Gentamycin (Garamycin) Aminoglycoside; Bactericidal; Inhibits protein synthesis
Amikacin (Amikin) Aminoglycoside; Bactericidal; Inhibits protein synthesis
Tobramycin (Nebcin) Aminoglycoside; Bactericidal; Inhibits protein synthesis
Flouroquinolones Miscellaneous Agent; Inhibits bacterial synthesis of DNA and RNA; Disrupts DNA function
Ciprofloxacin (Cipro) Miscellaneous Agent
Clindamycin (Cleocin) Miscellaneous Agent
Metronidazole (Flagyl) Miscellaneous Agent
Rifampin (Rifadin) Miscellaneous Agent; Inhibits bacterial synthesis of DNA and RNA; Disrupts DNA function
Created by: kcrain