Save
Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
focusNode
Didn't know it?
click below
 
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Know
0:00
share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Heme Onc 7 HIV

HIV

QuestionAnswer
What is the classic (but rare) EKG finding in PE? S wave in lead 1, Q wave in lead 3, and inverted T wave in lead 3. S1Q3T3
A post-op pt with significant pain presents with hyponatremia and normal volume status. Dx? SIADH 2/2 stress of post-op pain
What is the tx for mild unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia? Severe unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia? Mild: phototherapy. Severe: exchange transfusion
HIV + pt is seen in ER w/dyspnea. Over past few weeks, he reports incr difficulty breathing on exertion. He has a cough, fever, and you notice white plaques on the tongue and pharynx. He also admits to odynophagia. What would you expect his CD4 ct to be? <200 (thrush and esophagitis)
A 39yo male HIV pt receives a head CT for HA and new-onset confusion and slurring of words. The imaging reveals a ring-enhancing lesion. What is the suspected dx? How could that dx be confirmed? Toxoplasmosis. Toxo IgG Ab confirms dx
What is the rate of transmission of HIV thru a needle stick incident? What drugs should be given in case there is appreciable risk of transmission of HIV in this setting? 0.3%. Give zidovudine and lamivudine
A 25yo man is dx with HIV and must begin a HAART regimen. What classes of drugs should his regimen include initially? 2 Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (NRTI) + 1 protease inhibitor or NNRTI
Which antiretroviral (class) matches the following statements?: SE lactic acidosis NRTIs
Which antiretroviral (class) matches the following statements?: SE GI intolerance Protease inhib
Which antiretroviral (class) matches the following statements?: SE pancreatitis Zalcitabine, stavudine, didanosine, *ritonavir*
Which antiretroviral (class) matches the following statements?: SE peripheral neuropathy Zalcitabine, stavudine, didanosine
Which antiretroviral (class) matches the following statements?: SE megaloblastic anemia Zidovudine
Which antiretroviral (class) matches the following statements?: SE rash NNRTI
Which antiretroviral (class) matches the following statements?: SE hyperglycemia, DM, and lipid abnormalities Idinavir, saquinavir, amprenavir
Which antiretroviral (class) matches the following statements?: SE bone marrow suppression Zidovudine
Which antiretroviral (class) matches the following statements?: given to pregnant women with HIV HAART, zidovudine during labor
Which antiretroviral (class) matches the following statements?: regimen for occupational HIV exposures Zidovudine + lamivudine
Regarding abx prophylaxis in HIV pts, when with what, and for what organisms? <200: bactrim or dapsone for PCP pneumonia <50: azithro or clarithromycin for MAC
What is AIDS defined as? CD4 <200 or presence of an AIDS defining illness
What labs should be done to determine if a pt has HIV? ELISA (2 if the first 1 is +) and Western blot.
When should HIV tx be started? CD4 ct <350 or symptomatic development of opportunistic dz
Indicator of HIV disease progression? Viral load
What should be given to HIV/AIDS pts with close contact with TB-infected persons? Isoniazid
How should newborns of HIV-infected mothers be treated? Give zidovudine for 6wk after birth. Test for presence of virus in initial 6mos of life. Note that anti-HIV Ab will always be present. Early on, viral load is prob a better measurement of dz.
Should HIV-infected moms breastfeed? No
Which HIV drug class?: inhibit production of viral genome, prevent incorporation of viral DNA into host genome thru reverse transcriptase inhibition NRTI
Which HIV drug class?: inhibit reverse transcriptase activity to prevent viral replication NNRTI
Which HIV drug class?: interfere with viral replication to cause production of non-functional viruses Protease inhibitors
Which HIV drug class?: combine multiple meds into same pill. Ideal to reduce confusion of dosing schedules or to increase compliance Combination agents
Which HIV drug class?: binds to glycoprotein 41 to prevent fusion of HIV to CD4 cells Fusion inhibitor
Which HIV drug (class)?: SE incr rate of bacterial pneumonia Enfuvirtide (fusion inhibitor)
Created by: sarah3148
 

 



Voices

Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards