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criminology

Introduction 2 Criminology

QuestionAnswer
What are the 3 parts of the Criminal Justice system??? 1. Doing justice 2. Controlling crime 3. Preventing crime
Citizens do not have the authority to______. Enforce Laws
T.S.A Transportation Security Administration
D.H.S Department of Homeland Security
what are the 4 characteristics of the Criminal Justice system??? 1. Discretion 2. Resource Department 3. Sequential Tasks 4. Filtering
Name the 4 major duties of police agencies. 1. Keeping the peace 2. Apprehending violators and combating crime 3. Preventing crime 4. Providing social services
What are the 13 steps in the decision making process??? 1. Investigation 2. Arrest 3. Booking 4. Charging 5. Initial appearance 6. Preliminary hearing/ grand jury 7. Indictment/ information 8. Arraignment 9. Trial 10. Sentencing 11. Appeal 12. Corrections 13. Release
What is the 1st layer of the "wedding cake"??? Celebrated Cases
What is the 2nd layer of the "wedding cake"??? Serious Felonies
What is the 3rd layer of the "wedding cake"??? Lesser Felonies
What is the 4th layer of the "wedding cake"??? Misdemeanors
Crime Control model: ORDER as a value
Due Process model: LAW as a value
What is the most obvious type of exchange??? Plea Bargain
Adjudication: The process of determining whether the defendant is guilty.
Arrest: Taking 1 into custody, police may use only reasonable force. purpose is to hold the accused for court proceeding.
Crime control model (definition) emphasizes efficiency,speed,finality,the capacity to apprehend,try,convict,and dispose of a high proportion of offenders.
Discretion: Authority 2 make decisions without reference 2 rules or facts.
Disparity: A difference between groups that may either be explained by legitimate factors or indicate discrimination.
Dual Court system: A separate judicial system 4 each state in addition 2 a national system. each is tried in a court of same jurisdiction.
Due Process model (definition) Decisions are based on reliable information; emphasizes the adversarial process, rights of defendants, and formal decision making process.
Felonies: Serious crimes usually carrying a penalty of death or incarceration for more than a year.
Indictment: A document returned by Grand jury "true Bill" charging a person with a specific crime, with a determination of probable cause presented by prosecuting attorney.
Information: Document 2 individual by a prosecuting attorney and presented 2 court @ a preliminary hearing.
Plea Bargain: The defendants guilty plea in order 2 get a reduction in charge.
Warrant: A court order for police 2 take certain actions.
Created by: sdtabor398