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Crmnl Jstc

Chp1 Intro Criminal Justice

Institutions of Social Control, Subtle/Forceful Family, Schools, Organized Religion
What is a system? Something that works together to accomplish a goal.
Court Procedures (9) Crime occurs, Investigation, Arrest, Charges Filed, Arraignment, Motions, Trial, Guilt/Acquittal-Released, Sentencing
Bench Trial no jury/judge as jury
Recidivism repetitive in the aspect of commiting a crime
Statute law
Statutory Provision acceptable punishment for a crime "RANGE"
Sanction penalty/punishment
8th Amendment judge cannot impose any sanction he/she wishes, protects those convicted from cruel/unusual punishment, the sanction must be indicative of the crime
System Problems - What conflicts could arise from this? All systems are not interconnected, result equals a "non-system" - When a system falls apart, it does not work anymore.
Conservative View Personal Responsibility, Limited Government, Government's main role is to provide freedom, Emphasizes Individual Empowerment
Liberal View Use government to obtain equal opportunity, State should resolve all ills, Government's main role is to guarantee no one is in need, Believe all people are good
Crime Control Model (CONSERVATIVE) Right wing conservative view, Criminal Justice System's most important role is crime control, Presumption of Guilt, "Big Mac Fast"
Due Process Model (LIBERAL) Left wing liberal view, Criminal Justice System's most important role is to protect the innocent, Presumption of Innocence, Let guilty go free slow
Plea Bargains (%) 95%
Bench Trials (%) 3%
Jury Trials (%) 2%
Average cost to keep ONE inmate incarcerated annually in Louisiana $25,000
Norms&Values Rules/guidelines for a society, may differ from society to society, failure to adhere is considered "antisocial" behavior
UNUSUAL Norms&Values Consumption of Alcohol(1920's), prostitution still legal in some parts of Nevada, husbands could rape their wives prior to the 1970's
Elements of Crime (7) Harm, Legality, Actus Reus, Mens Rea, Causation, Concurrence, Punishment
Harm physical/verbal
Legality wrong in the eyes of the law
Actus Reus intentionally, criminally neglectful behavior
Mens Rea criminal intent/state of mind
Causation criminal act leads directly to crime
Concurrence Criminal conduct/intent
Punishment must have statutory provisions
Possible Legal Defenses (5) Duress, Legal Infancy, Insanity, Entrapment, Necessity Defense
Duress forced to do something in fear of consequences
Legal Infancy too young to know consequences of actions
Insanity did not understand crime being committed; not in right state of mind
Entrapment being set up
Necessity Defense had to be done to protect life
M'Naghten Rule Daniel M'Naghten was acquited of the murder of a person he mistook for his real target. His claim was that he was delutional at the time of the incident.
Degrees of Crime (2) Mala Prohibita, Mala in se
Mala Prohibita Illegal law defines them as such...not timeless (ex. trespassing, gambling, prostitution)
Mala in se Wrong in themselves/deemed wrong by all (ex. rape/murder)
Juvenile Delinquency Minimum: 7 y.o., Maximum: 18 y.o.
Types of Crimes (5) Violent, Property, Moral, Hate, Organized
Crime&Media much of what the public knows about crime is derived from the media, much of what the mdeia knows is based on statistics supplied by government agencies, of all statistics, social crimes are the hardest to track
Tracking Crime Problems: some behavior is illegal in some places and not in other thus recorded or notrecorded at the same rate, if behavior is not deemed a crime then it is not counted, leads to inaccuracy in statistics
Crime Index an estimate of crimes committed
Things that affect crime indexes (3) Police practices, Court policies, Publice opinion
Uniform Crime Report (UCR) (Includes 8 indexes of crime) Offenses known to police(8 index crimes), statistics of a person arrested
8 Indexes of Crime Murder/Non-negligent Homicide, Forcible Rape, Robbery, Aggravated assault, Burglary, Larceny(theft), Motor Vehicle Theft, Arson
Added Indexes Race, Religion, Sexual Orientation, Ethnicity/National Origin, Disability
Most likely to be arrested Young/white males
Most likely to be convicted Young/black males
Most likely to recieve death penalty White males
Crime index offenses Solve the case, make the arrest
UCR Practices Only count the most serious offenses in a multi offense crime
NIBRS National Incident Based Reporting System
Created by: jamieshelton17