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Mental Illness

Mental IHealth

QuestionAnswer
Mental Health The successful adaptation to stressors from the internal or external environment, evidenced by thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that are age appropriate and congruent with local and cultural norms
Mental Illness maladaptive responses to stressors from the internal or external environment, evidenced by thoughts feelings, and behaviors, that are incongruent with the local and cultural norms and interfere with the individual's social, occupational, or physical funct
Incomprehensibility the inability of the general population to understand the motivation behind the behavior
Cultural relativity the "normality" of behavior is determined by the culture
Anxiety a diffuse apprehension that is vague in nature and is associated with feelings of uncertanity and helplessness
Mild Anxiety Prepares people for action. Sharpens the senses, increases motivation for productivity, increases the perceptual field. Associated with the tension experienced in response to the events of day to day living
Moderate Anxiety Less alert to events occuring in the environment. Attention span and ability to concentrate decrease, asisstance with problem solving may be required
Severe Anxiety Perceptual field is greatly diminished that concentration centers on one particular detail only or on many extraneous details. Physical symptoms(headaches, palpatations, insomnia). Emotional symtoms(confusion, dread, horror).
Panic The most intense state, unable to focus on even one detail in the environment. A loss of reality may occur. May experience hallucinations or delusions. Behavior may be characterized by wild, and desperate actions or extreme withdrawal
Mild level adaptation responses individuals employ various coping mechanisms to deal with stress: eating, drinking, sleeping, physical exercise, ect.
Mild to Moderate level adaptation responses The ego calls on defense mechanisms for protection
Regression The retreating to an earlier level of development and the comfort measures associated with the level of functioning. Ex: 4 yr old potty trained, begins wetting his pants when his new baby sister comes home
Reaction Formation The prevention of unacceptable or undesirable thoughts or behaviors from being expressed by exaggerating opposite thoughts or types of behaviors. Ex: solider who has an extreme fear of combat offers for front line duty.
Rationalization The attempt to make excuses or formulate logical reasons to justify unacceptable behavior or feelings. Ex:Self-employed person neglects to report part of income justifying that its ok because everyone does it.
Projection The attribution of fee
Mental Health The successful adaptation to stressors from the internal or external environment, evidenced by thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that are age appropriate and congruent with local and cultural norms
Mental Illness maladaptive responses to stressors from the internal or external environment, evidenced by thoughts feelings, and behaviors, that are incongruent with the local and cultural norms and interfere with the individual's social, occupational, or physical funct
Incomprehensibility the inability of the general population to understand the motivation behind the behavior
Cultural relativity the "normality" of behavior is determined by the culture
Anxiety a diffuse apprehension that is vague in nature and is associated with feelings of uncertanity and helplessness
Mild Anxiety Prepares people for action. Sharpens the senses, increases motivation for productivity, increases the perceptual field. Associated with the tension experienced in response to the events of day to day living
Moderate Anxiety Less alert to events occuring in the environment. Attention span and ability to concentrate decrease, asisstance with problem solving may be required
Severe Anxiety Perceptual field is greatly diminished that concentration centers on one particular detail only or on many extraneous details. Physical symptoms(headaches, palpatations, insomnia). Emotional symtoms(confusion, dread, horror).
Panic The most intense state, unable to focus on even one detail in the environment. A loss of reality may occur. May experience hallucinations or delusions. Behavior may be characterized by wild, and desperate actions or extreme withdrawal
Mild level adaptation responses individuals employ various coping mechanisms to deal with stress: eating, drinking, sleeping, physical exercise, ect.
Mild to Moderate level adaptation responses The ego calls on defense mechanisms for protection
Regression The retreating to an earlier level of development and the comfort measures associated with the level of functioning. Ex: 4 yr old potty trained, begins wetting his pants when his new baby sister comes home
Reaction Formation The prevention of unacceptable or undesirable thoughts or behaviors from being expressed by exaggerating opposite thoughts or types of behaviors. Ex: solider who has an extreme fear of combat offers for front line duty.
Rationalization The attempt to make excuses or formulate logical reasons to justify unacceptable behavior or feelings. Ex:Self-employed person neglects to report part of income justifying that its ok because everyone does it.
Projection The attribution of fee
Mental Health The successful adaptation to stressors from the internal or external environment, evidenced by thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that are age appropriate and congruent with local and cultural norms
Mental Illness maladaptive responses to stressors from the internal or external environment, evidenced by thoughts feelings, and behaviors, that are incongruent with the local and cultural norms and interfere with the individual's social, occupational, or physical funct
Incomprehensibility the inability of the general population to understand the motivation behind the behavior
Cultural relativity the "normality" of behavior is determined by the culture
Anxiety a diffuse apprehension that is vague in nature and is associated with feelings of uncertanity and helplessness
Mild Anxiety Prepares people for action. Sharpens the senses, increases motivation for productivity, increases the perceptual field. Associated with the tension experienced in response to the events of day to day living
Moderate Anxiety Less alert to events occuring in the environment. Attention span and ability to concentrate decrease, asisstance with problem solving may be required
Severe Anxiety Perceptual field is greatly diminished that concentration centers on one particular detail only or on many extraneous details. Physical symptoms(headaches, palpatations, insomnia). Emotional symtoms(confusion, dread, horror).
Panic The most intense state, unable to focus on even one detail in the environment. A loss of reality may occur. May experience hallucinations or delusions. Behavior may be characterized by wild, and desperate actions or extreme withdrawal
Mild level adaptation responses individuals employ various coping mechanisms to deal with stress: eating, drinking, sleeping, physical exercise, ect.
Mild to Moderate level adaptation responses The ego calls on defense mechanisms for protection
Regression The retreating to an earlier level of development and the comfort measures associated with the level of functioning. Ex: 4 yr old potty trained, begins wetting his pants when his new baby sister comes home
Reaction Formation The prevention of unacceptable or undesirable thoughts or behaviors from being expressed by exaggerating opposite thoughts or types of behaviors. Ex: solider who has an extreme fear of combat offers for front line duty.
Rationalization The attempt to make excuses or formulate logical reasons to justify unacceptable behavior or feelings. Ex:Self-employed person neglects to report part of income justifying that its ok because everyone does it.
Projection The attribution of feelings or impulses unacceptable to one's self to another person. "Passes the blame" for these undesirable feelings or impulses to another, thereby providing relief from anxiety associated with him
Isolation The seperation of a thought or a memoray from the feeling tone or emotions associated with it (sometimes called emotional isolation). Ex: girl explaining a rape and displaying no emotional tone with an apathetic experession.
Introjection The internalization of the beliefs and values of another individual such that they symbolically become a part of the self to the extent that the feeling of separateness or distinctness is lost.
Intellectualization An attempt to avoid expressing actual emotions associated with a stressful sitiuation by using the intellectual processes of logic, reasoning, and analysis.
Identification An attempt to increase self-worth by acquiring certain attributes and characteristics of an individual one admires. Ex:a teenage girl emulatea the mannerisims and style of dress of a popular female rock star
Displacement The transferring of feelings from one target to another that is considered less threatening or neutral. Ex:a man who is passed over for promation says nothing to his boss, but takes it out on his son for not making the basketball team
Denial The refusal to acknowledge the existance of a real situation or the feelings associated with it. Ex:a women told she has a lump on her breast does not keep surgery appointment and carries on with her daily life
Compensation The covering up of a real or perceived weakness by emphasizing a trait one considers more desirable. Ex:a handicap boy who is unable to play sports compensates by becoming a great scholar
Undoing The act of symbolically negating or canceling out a previous action or experience that one finds intolerable. Ex:a man spills some salt on the table, then sprinkles some over his shoulder to prevent "bad luck"
Suppresion The VOUNTARY blocking of unpleasant feelings and experiences from one's awareness. Ex:Scarlet O'Hara syas, "I'll think about that tomorrow"
Sublimation The rechanneling of drives or impulses that are personally or socially unacceptable (e.g. aggresiveness, anger, sexual drives) Ex:A teenage boy with strong competitive drives becomes a star football player
Repression The INVOLUNTARY blocking of unpleasant feelings and experiences from one's awareness. Ex: a women cannont remember being sexually assulted when she was 15
Neurosis Symptomatology of certain disorders. Psychiatric disturbances characterized by excessive anxiety that is expressed directly or altered through defense mechanisms. (obssions, phobias, compulsions, or sexual dysfunction)
Grief A subject state of emotional, physical, and social respnses to the loss of a valued entity
Denial A stage of shock and disbelief. Denial is a protective mechanism that allows the individual to cope in an immediate time frame while organizing more effective defense strategies
Anger. Envy and resentment toward individuals not affected by the loss are common. Anger may be directed at the self or displaced on loved ones, caregivers, and even God.
Bargining Not usually visible or evident to others, a bargain, is made with God in an attempt to reverse or postphone the loss. "If God will help me through this, I will go to church every Sunday"
Depression The full impact of the loss is experienced. The sense of loss is intense, and feelings of sadness and depression prevail. Represents advancement toward resolution
Acceptance The final stage brings a feeling of peace regarding the loss that has occurred. It is a time of quiet expectation and resignation.
Resolution Of the process of mourning is thought to have occured when an individual can look back on the relationship with the lost entity and accept both the pleasures and the disapointments (both positive and the negative aspects)
Created by: asau