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Ethics 2 (Biostats)

Step-2

QuestionAnswer
Which antihypertensive class is first-line in pts with the following condition: no comorbidities thiazides
Which antihypertensive class is first-line in pts with the following condition: DM ACE-I/ARBs
Which antihypertensive class is first-line in pts with the following condition: Heart failure ACE-I/ARBs, b-blockers, aldosterone antagonist
Which antihypertensive class is first-line in pts with the following condition: BPH alpha-blockers
Which antihypertensive class is first-line in pts with the following condition: LVH ACE-I/ARB
Which antihypertensive class is first-line in pts with the following condition: hyperthroid b-blocker
Which antihypertensive class is first-line in pts with the following condition: osteoporosis thiazides
Which antihypertensive class is first-line in pts with the following condition: Benign essential tremor b-blocker
Which antihypertensive class is first-line in pts with the following condition: post-menopausal female thiazides
Which antihypertensive class is first-line in pts with the following condition: migraines b-blockers
What are 4 signs and sx of strep pharyngitis? fever, pharyngeal erythema, tonsillar exudates, lack of rhinorrhea or cough
What are the usual imaging studies in a trauma series? AP chest, AP and lateral C-spine, AP pelvis
What is Attributable risk? AR=(incidence of disease in the exposed group) -(incidence of disease in the unexposed group)
What is the equation for number needed to treat? NNT= 1/Absolute riks reduction. NNT is the number of pts you would need to treat in order to save/affect one life.
What is the equation for odds ration? OR=(A/B)/(C/D)
When is the odds ratio a good approximation of relative risk? when disease is not common in the population (low prevalence).
What does it mean when the relative risk is equal to one? No assoc. b/w the risk factor and disease
What is most important in a screening test? high sensitivity
What is most imporant in a confirmatory test? high specificity
Assuming a normal bell shaped distribution, what % of the study population falls within 1, 2, and 3 standard deviations from the mean? 1SD from the mean is 68%, 2SD is 95%, 3 SD is 99.7%
A study shows that taking 325mg of ASA a day has no effect on ischemic cardiac events. What type of error is this? Type II error (or beta error)
Created by: shelybel