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Tucker Nutrition

Chapters 1-4

Water Adults has 1 ml per kcal...Infants have 1.5 ml per kcal...1 ounce is needed for every kilogram of body weight
Holistic Health System of Preventative meds that take into account the whole individual *Biologic *Physiologic *Social
Vitamin D Milk Sunlight reduce risk of cancer helps bone growth
Potassium (K) Bananas, Dark green leafy veggies, red and white meat, legumes
Iodine deficiency Causes hupothyroidism, goiters, mental retardation (cretinism)
Vitamin B12 Important to DNA , synthesis may effect bone formation ...found in protein in foods of animal origin
Vitamin E Found in nuts and veggie oils fat soluble, acts as antioxidant, cardio health, fetal growth
Vitamin K deficency Common in infants and people taking antibiotics , found in dark green veggies
Phytochemicals Describe substances in plant based food that are neither vitamins nor minerals
Peristalisis Process in which food is propelled through digestive tract
Hiatal hernia treatment protrusion of part of the stomach thru the esophageal hiatus (opening) of hte diaphragm, ingestion of antacids to neutrolize or inhibit gastric secretions and possible surgery
Villi Hairlike projections inside the intestinal tract involved in absorption of digested food matter
Absorption AbsorptionPassage of soluable digested food material through the intestinal wall
Basal Metabolism The amount of energy required to maintain life...Example breathing, digestion, heart beat
Digestion of small Intestine Pancreatic enzymes that enter the small intestine complete starch and fat digestion and partially digest protein. Intest enymes complete protein and carb digestion
Categories of food length of digestion Carbs- easily digested degree absorption is high, Protein must be broke down by digestion into component parts peptides and amino acids, Fat not soluable in H2O special treatment in the GI tract before absorption can take place
Lacto-ovo vegetarian Primary diet excludes meat, but includes milk and milk products and eggs or fish
Macronutrients Carbs - 4 = = energy...Fats 9kcal = lipid ... protein - 4kcalessential for life kcal... chemical substitute needed in large demand
Carbs Macronutrient 4 kcal needed for energy resemble starch
Amino Acids Substance that makes protein ... synthasis of amino acids
Proteins 4kcal esential for life
Fats 9kcal lipid
Cholesterol fat- related compound that is produced in the livers of animals. Does not provide kcals
Saturated fats Palmitic acid has 16 carbons and no double bonds
Sugar Monosccharide and disaccharide form of carbs
Dietary fiber Carbs that can not be broken down passes thru digestive track quickly
Triglycerides form of food fat found in blood and body tissue
Vitamin B complex term used to describe all B vitamins and is water soluble
Fat soluble vitamins Vitamins A, D, E, K more stable than water soluble less prone to destruction by heat, air and light
Water Soluble Vitamins B Complex vitamins and vitamin C Not stored in the body and need to be included in the diet on a daily basis
Vitamins Organic substance essential in body
Vitamin C Asorbis acid derived from glucose water soluble
Vitamin A Fat soluble used for sight, skin and mucous membrane
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) Needed for healthy skin, lips, tongue and eye surface
Electrolytes function Compound when dissolved in water separate charge particals can conduct electrical current essential to Ph balance of body fluids (sodium Potassium
Created by: jennygirl1022