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Test1_Chapter 29

Mgt of Patients W/ Structural, Infectious, Inflam Cardiac Disorders - Chapter 29

QuestionAnswer
allograft: heart valve replacement made from a human heart valve (synonym:
annuloplasty: repair of a cardiac valve’s outer ring
aortic valve: semilunar valve located between the left ventricle and the aorta
autograft: heart valve replacement made from the patient’s own heart valve (eg, the pulmonic valve is excised and used as an aortic valve)
cardiomyopathy: disease of the heart muscle
chordae tendineae: nondistensible fibrous strands connecting papillary muscles to atrioventricular (mitral, tricuspid) valve leaflets
chordoplasty: repair of the chordae tendineae
commissurotomy: splitting or separating fused cardiac valve leaflets
heterograft: heart valve replacement made of tissue from an animal heart valve (synonym:
homograft: heart valve replacement made from a human heart valve (synonym:
leaflet repair: repair of a cardiac valve’s movable “flaps” (leaflets)
mitral valve: atrioventricular valve located between the left atrium and left ventricle
orthotopic transplantation: the recipient’s heart is removed and a donor heart is grafted into the same site; the patient has one heart
prolapse (of a valve): stretching of an atrioventricular heart valve leaflet into the atrium during systole
pulmonic valve: semilunar valve located between the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery
regurgitation: backward flow of blood through a heart valve
stenosis: narrowing or obstruction of a cardiac valve’s orifice
total artificial heart: mechanical device used to aid a failing heart, assisting the right and left ventricles
tricuspid valve: atrioventricular valve located between the right atrium and right ventricle
valve replacement: insertion of a device at the site of a malfunctioning heart valve to restore blood flow in one direction through the heart
valvuloplasty: repair of a stenosed or regurgitant cardiac valve by commissurotomy, annuloplasty, leaflet repair, or chordoplasty (or a combination of procedures)
ventricular assist device: mechanical device used to aid a failing right or left ventricle
xenograft: heart valve replacement made of tissue from an animal heart valve (synonym:heterograft)
Created by: jhrobins99