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LPN Health 2 midterm

health 2 midterm

stages of alzheimers
eye assessment Pupils Equal Round Reactive Light Accomodation
name the 2 types of CVA Ischemic -d/t blockage of CV by a clot. reduces oxygen,blood. which causes cell and tissue death. Embolus and thrombus-fat,air,blood,fluid. Use a CLOTBUSTER WITHIN 2-4HRS hamehhoragic-Ruptured blood vesse. leaks blood into cerebral cavity of brain. cause
What is ketoacidosis build up of ketones
what is the by product of fatty acids ketones
what breaks down fat for energy, releases fatty acids and is the byproduct of fatty acid metabolism ketones
FUNCTION of insulin carry GLUCOSE INTO CELLS for storage.
Type 1 diabetes insulin dependant IDDM cannot produce insulin.
Type 2 diabetes metformin, glyburide- oral. insulin-injectable.diet excercise education NIDDM
Trigeminal neuralgia damaged 5th cranial nerve
glaucoma intraoccular pressure increase. go blind. pharmaceuticals and surgery to manage. want 2 decrease pressure
macular degeneration breakdown/damage to macular. Central field of vision loss. Peripheral-fine
what is a sign something we can see
what is a symptom something we can test.
s/s graves disease irregular menses, bulging eyes, increased appetite, wt loss, tachycardia, increased metabolic rate, HTN
Acromegaly increased growth hormone, affects Endocrine system, anterior pit
sensory receptors pain sensors on the skin
varicella c-pox causing virus herpes zoster- shingles develop later in life herpes simplex- fever blisters, cold sores. STRESS trigger these
Melanoma deadliest type of skin cancer basal cell squamous cell melanocyte-deadliest irregular shape and border
topical time to take effect 1.5hrs-2hrs
oral time to take effect 45-60mins
s/s of a fracture severe pain with movement
OA osteoarthritis. "wear and tear" cartilage that coversbone deteriorates.
Pt teaching for osteoperosis INCREASE CAL,VIT D AND EXCERCISE- Most important
do you abduct or adduct hip after total hip replacement surgery abduct hip away from center of body
complications/risks from hip surgery infection, pneumonia, blood clots
ICP causes/ intracranial pressure-encephalitis trauma tumours infection head injury inflammatory disorders
Brain tumours malignant/benign causes pressure stroke affects all systems metastic seizures death treatment- chemo/radiation, sx,meds,MOST NOT CURABLE
Parkinsons insuficient amt of dopamine
MS demyelinating disease
ORIF Open Reduction Infection Fixation
What is Systemic Lupus erythematosis long term autoimmune disorder joint pain and swelling, butterfly rash, arthritis
TPA stand for Tissue Plasminogen Activator these are clot busters. give STAT within 3-4hrs
differencebetween dementia and delerium dementia- slow onset delerium- acute onset
legally blind 20/200
perfect vision 20/20
diabetes complications poor circulation, neuropathy,amputation coma, gangrene,ketoacidosis,blindness,retinopathy,cataracts, imotence, liver and renal failure, atherosclerosis, nephropathy
CAD coronary artery disease- diabetics most at risk d/t sugar in the blood
pathological fractures osteoperosis,bonecancer,osteoarthritis, pagets,bone tumours, rickets,malnutrition.d/t disease
traumatic fractures impact.
haemmhorragic stroke ruptured blood vessel, leaks blood into brain cavity causes compression of brain tissue cells die, haemmhoragic shock and death. SURGERY!!!!!
Created by: 504600028