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Lesson 1- Med. Terms

combining form root + combining vowel
modifiers prefix and suffix
root (definition) the essential meaning of the term
suffix (definition) word ending
prefix (definition) small part added to the beginning of the term
combining vowel (definition) connects roots to suffixes and roots to other roots
combining form (definition) combination of root and combining vowel
When a term contains two or more roots related to parts of the body, what often determines which root is listed first? anatomical position
aden/o gland
adip/o fat
angi/o blood vessel
arthr/o joint
bi/o life
carcin/o cancer
chondr/o cartilage
cyt/o cell
derm/o, dermat/o skin
electr/o electricity
erythr/o red, red blood cell
gnos/o knowledge
gynec/o woman
hem/o, hemat/o blood
leuk/o white, white blood cells
my/o muscle
myel/o bone marrow
neur/o nerve
onc/o cancer
os, oss, oste/o bone
path/o disease
phleb/o vein
psych/o mind
sarc/o flesh, muscle
spondyl/o vertebrae, spine
thromb/o blood clot
thorax(x)/o chest
esophago/o esophagus
trach/o trachea
cardi/o heart
pneum/o lung
pleur/o pleura, membrane surrounding the lung
lapar/o abdomen, abdominal wall
viscer/o internal organs
gastr/o stomach
enter/o intestine, gut
dueden/o duodenum, proximal small intestine
jejun/o jejunum, middle small intestine
ile/o ileum, distal small intestine
hepat/o liver
cholecyst/o gall bladder
docho/o duct, tube
col/o colon
splen/o spleen
pancrea pancreas
ren/o, nephr/o kidney
cyst/o bladder
pyel/o pelvis
urethr/o urethra
oophor/o ovary
hyster/o uterus
salping/o fallopian tube
proct/o anus
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
cephal/o, cep/o head
encephal/o brain
cerebr/o cerebrum
crani/o skill
ophthalm eye
ot/o ear
nas/o, rhin/o nose
bucc/o mouth
gloss/o, glot tongue
cervic/o neck
phrang/o throat
laryng voicebox
trache/o trachea, windpipe
-ac, -al pertaining to
-algia pain
-cyte cell
-ectomy surgical removal, excision
-emia blood condition
-globin protein
-gram record
-in, -ism condition
-ic, -ical pertaining to
-itis inflammation
-logist specialist
-logy study, science
-lysis breakdown
-malacia softening
-megaly enlargement
-oid formed like, looks like
-oma tumor, mass, swelling
-opsy visual examination
-osis condition or process
-paresis slow, difficulty moving
-penia deficiency
-pnea breathing
-poiesis to produce, build
-rrhea flowing
-scope instrument for visual examination
-scopy process of visually examining
-sis state, condition
-stasis controlling, stopping
-stomy creating an artificial opening
-tomy process of cutting into an organ or tissue
-trophy growth, development, nourishment
a-, an- without
ana- up
ante- before, forward
anti- against, opposite
aut- self
bi- two, both, double
brachy- short, arm
brady- slow
cata- down
dis- apart
dys- difficult, painful
endo- within
epi- upon, at, in addition to
ex- from, our of, without, away from, over
hyper- over, above, excessive
hypo- under, below, deficient
iso- equal, alike, the same
mal- bad
neo- new
para- beside, near, a pair
per- through
peri- around, about
poly- many
pro- before, forward
retro- back, backward
sub- under, below, beneath
tachy- fast
trans- across, through
Created by: mellymel49