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Biology 211 Final Ex

QuestionAnswer
What cells of the Parathyroid Gland produces PTH? Chief Cells
Describe the difference between insulin- dependent and non-insulin dependent Diabetes. Insulin dependent-type I pancreas either makes no insulin or not enough insulin. type I will end up taking insulin.Non insulin dependent is type II diabetes, this means the pancreas is making insulin but the cells build up a resistance to the hormone.
Name 3 Endocrine Organs and give a description of each. Pituitary Thyroid Parathyroid Adrenal Pineal Thymus
What is the difference between endocrine cells and exocrine cells? islets of langerhans (alpha and beta cells) secrete endocrine hormones, and the acinar cells make the exocrine secretions. exocrine part secrete digestion enzymes. difference between endocrine and exocrine glands: endocrine glands secrete into the blood
What 2 hormones does the posterior lobe of the Pituitary gland release? ADH , Oxytocin
Where is the THyroid gland located and what is it's function? The thyroid gland is a endocrine gland located in the middle of the lower neckbelow the larynx.controls how fast your body burns energy, makes protein. regulate the metabloism& growth rate produces hormones called thyroxine/triiodothyronine
What diseases are associated with the adrenal gland? Cushing's syndrome, there's too much cortisol, while with Addison's disease, there is too little. Some people are born unable to make enough cortisol
Why is the use of hormones to improve atheletic performance banned? The reasons for the ban are mainly the alleged health risks of performance-enhancing drugs, the equality of opportunity for athletes, and the exemplary effect of "clean" ("doping-free") sports for the public.
What are hormones involved in growth? Growth hormone affects prolactin secretion, insulin, thyroid hormone, glucocorticoids, estrogen, and testosterone. None of these hormones act alone. All of these hormones are involved with promoting growth.
What are the functions of testosterone in males? Development of male genitalia (in the fetal stage) Maintenance of sex drive and happiness Development of male secondary sexual characteristics at puberty (growth of facial hair, deepening of the voice, initiation of sperm production
What are the functions of estrogen in females?
What is Diabetes mellitus? Diabetes mellitus is a kind of metabolic disease that is brought about by either the insufficient production of insulin or the inability of the body to respond to the insulin formed within the system.
What are the 3 types of Diabetes Mellitus? How are they controled? The disease can be classified into three different categories: the type 1( Insulin Controled), type 2 and the gestational diabetes (diet and exercise)
What Endocrine organs produce hormones for normal growth? Pituitary Gland, Thyroid
What is the ovarian Cycle? What are the steps? 1: Formation of the primary follicles 2: Formation of Secondary Follicles 3: Formation of a Tertiary Follicle 4: Ovulation 5:Formation and Degeneration of the Corpus Luteum 6:Degeneration of the Corpus Luteum beginning Roughly 12 days after ovulation
Which Gland releases ADH? What is the stimulus for it's release? Posterior of Pituitary.stimulus is osmoreceptors
What day of the ovarian cycle is there a massive release of LH? Day 14- LH surge triggers follicle to rupture and release the egg (Ovulation)Remaining follicle cells differentiate inot Corpus Luteum- Secrets estrogen/ progestrerone.
What is the difference between alpha cell and beta cells? beta cells, which secrete insulin and amylin; alpha cells, which secrete glucagon;
Created by: shalli74