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Unit 3 MedLawEthics

Unit3

QuestionAnswer
Agent someone who has the authority to act for another under specific conditions
civil law involves wrongful acts against persons, but does not involve crimes
Contract voluntary agreement, written or unwritten, between two parties that creates an obligation under specific circumstances
Defendant person or party against whom charges are brought in a criminal or civil lawsuit
Felony offense punishable by death or imprisonment in a state or federal prison for more than a year
Jurisdiction power and authority given to a court to hear a case and make a judgement
legal precedent decisions made by judges in the various courts that become rule of law and apply to future cases (case law)
Minor anyone under the age of majority (18 in some states, 21 in others)
Plaintiff the complaining party in a lawsuit
Prosecution the government as plaintiff in a criminal case
statute of frauds state legislation governing written contracts
Tort a civil wrong committed against a person or property, excludes breach of contract
Tortfeasor the person guilty of committing a tort
Void without legal force or effect
Voidable able to be set aside or to be revalidated at a later date
Misdemeanor crime punishable by a fine or incarceration in a facility other than a prison for less than a year
case law law established through common law and legal precedent
common law the body of unwritten law developed in England, primarily from judicial decisions based on custom and tradition
administrative law enabling statutes enacted to define powers and procedures when an agency is created
case law law established through common law and legal precedent
common law the body of unwritten law developed in England, primarily from judicial decisions based on custom and tradition
criminal law law that involves crimes against the state
expressed contract explicitly stated written or spoken words
implied contract unspoken or unwritten agreements whose terms result from the actions of the involved parties
law of agency law that governs the relationship between a principal and his/her agent (employee)
mental incapacity condition in which a person lacks the ability to understand ordinary things-therefore unable to enter into a legal contract
Misdemeanor crime punishable by a fine or incarceration in a facility other than a prison for less than one year
Negligence an unintentional tort alleged when one may have caused harm to another
respondeat superior the employer is vicariously liable for the behavior of an employee working within their scope of practice
statutory law law passed by the US Congress or state legislatures
third party contract written agreement signed by a party other than the patient who promises to pay the patient's bill
constitutional law law that originates from federal and state constitutions
substantive law statutory or written law that defines and regulates legal rights and obligations
procedural law law that defines the rules used to enforce substantive law
civil law involves wrongful acts against persons, but does not involve crimes
legal precedent decisions made by judges in the various courts that become rule of law and apply to future cases
Felony offense punishable by death or imprisonment in a state or federal prison for more than one year
Jurisdiction power and authority given to a court to hear a case and make a judgement
Created by: skopetsky