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Anatomy,Physiology &Pathology of the BR

A lesion located in the upper outer quadrant of the right breast is located in the 10-0'clock position
Morgagni tubercles are usually found on the skin of the areola
An inverted nipple sometimes indicates breast cancer
Compression of the breast is most effective and most comfortable when applied against the inferior and lateral aspects
The normal breast may have 15-20 lobes
The structure that gives the breast its support and shape is called Coopers ligament
The breast extends vertically from the second through the sixth rib
The thickest portion of the breast is the tail of Spence
Cooper ligaments attach anteriorly to the fascia of the skin
Fatty tissur is generally __and on the mammogram is seen as areas of __ optical density. radiolucent/higher
Typically, a patient with dense fibrous and glandular tissue throughout the entire breast on a baseline mammogram is below 45
Glandular tissue is usually found in the __ of the breast. central and upper outer quadrant
Lymph drainage from the medial half of the breast is generally directed to the internal mammary lymph nodes
Immediately behind the nipple, the connecting duct widens to form the lactiferous sinus
The portion of the breast that holds the milk-producing element is the lobule
Veins are normally located in the periphery of the breast
The TDLU consists of the both the ETDs and the ITDs
A patient began taking synthetic hormones 6 months prior to her current mammogram. The mammogram is most likely to show increased glandular tissue compared to her previous mammogram
A baseline mammogram shows that the patient's breast consists primarily of adipose tissue. This patient is most likely to be above 60
A patient is to have a routine baseline mammogram, but it is determined that the woman is lactating. What should be done and why? Lactation causes increased glandularity; the mammogram should be postponed.
The craniocaudad mammograms of the same woman prior to menopause and 1 year after the onset of menopause are compared. The woman has never taken synthetic hormones. What is the most likely difference? The mammogram taken after the onset of menopause shows signs of atrophy
Which of the following will affect the ratio of glandular tissue to total breast tissue? -the woman's genetic predisposition -ratio of total body adipose tissue to total body weight -drastic weight gain or weight loss
Hormone replacement therapy could be recommended to? -relieve insomnia symptoms -prevent osteoporosis
A woman is referred to as nullipara. This means she has never given birth to a viable offspring
An asymptomatic patient presents with an oval, lobulated tumor with unsharp margins. There is no evidence of a halo sign. The lesion could be malignant
Characteristics of a malignant stellate tumor include which of the following? -the presence of a central tumor mass. -the larger the tumor,the longer the spicules.
The radial scar or sclerosing duct hyperplasia -can sometimes be mistaken for carcinoma -is usually not associated with skin thickening of dimpling over the lesion
A mammogram shows a low-density radiopaque tumor. It is oval, lobulated, and a halo is seen along one border only. The next step should be ultrasound
A galactocele is associated with nursing
A lipoma can be a huge encapsulated lesion occupying the entire breast
A rare form of cancer that presents with swelling, warmth, or erythema and mammographically with skin thickening is inflammatory carcinoma
Sometimes described as an oil cyst, this lesion represents an encapsulated area on the mammogram and can be caused by surgery, biopsy,trauma, or radiation therapy. fat necrosis
A benign self-limiting breast tumor that is the result of new disorganized cell growth hamartoma
An infusa-port can be used to allow repeated access to the venous system
The right craniocaudal (RCC) of the routine imaging series showed a small, irregular shaped lesion at the edge of the image plus scattered calcifications including calcification clusters. The next immediate step would be -spot compression including magnification -additional imaging to include the margins of the lesion
Created by: Raiderette209