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STNA Special Pts

Confused pts, Special Needs pts, Death & Dying

QuestionAnswer
Developmental Delays (Mental Retardation)Significantly below average general intelligence & deficits in adaptive behaviors. Usually identified before pt is 22 years old.
Mental Illness disruption, disorganization, or disintegration of pt’s thought processes.
Cognition Ability to think & reason
Confusion Inability to think clearly. May be sudden or gradual, temporary or permanent.
Delirium Sudden severe confusion that is usually temporary
Dementia Serious loss of mental abilities such as thinking, reasoning, remembering & communicating.
Down's Syndrome Genetic disorder in which pt has an extra set of chromosomes.
Autism Pt has extreme difficulty with communication & relating to other people & surroundings. Unknown cause.
Cerebral Palsy Damage to cerebrum at or near the time of birth, which causes problems with motor control.
Spina Bifida Congenital defect of the spine, which can cause paralysis
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Combination of physical & mental problems affecting a child whose mother consumed alcohol during pregnancy.
Alzheimer's Disease Progressive & irreversible change in cognitive functioning.
Confabulation Making up stories to cover for lapses in memory
Perservation Phenomenon Repeating an action over & over again
Hoarding Keeping or taking a large number of items for no apparent reason.
Rummaging Pt goes through a cabinet, drawer or other container..looking for an object that cannot be found.
Wandering Trying to leave facility due to confusion.
Sundowning Restlessness, agitation & confusion that occurs when it is dark outside. May be oriented during the day.
Catastrophic Reaction Overreaction to stimulus in environment which would not cause stress to a normal person.
Reality Orientation Focus is on keeping pt in touch with reality and present
Validation Therapy Allows pt to live in the past or in their imagination. No attempt is made to reorient pt
Rigor Mortis When the muscles get stiff & rigid after death
Stages of Grief denial, anger, bargaining, depression, acceptance
Postmortem Care Preparing the body after death for viewing by the family
Autopsy Examination of a body to determine cause of death
Pacing Walking back & forth aimlessly or without purpose
Elopement When a resident wanders away from a protected area or facility without appropriate supervision
Created by: mrskgo