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STNA Psych

Psychiatric terms for the STNA

QuestionAnswer
Stress Response to a stimulus or demand made upon an individual
Stressor Any factor that produces stress & disturbs the body’s equilibrium
Coping Immediate response to a threatening situation
Adaptation Change in an individual as a final response to stress
Coping Mechanisms Inborn or learned ways of responding to a changing environment, specific problem or unexpected situation.
Defense Mechanism mental responses that protect an individual from anxiety.
Denial Blocking painful thoughts or feelings
Rationalization Mind gives "good" reasons for behavior, instead of true reasons
Compensation Substituting one activity for another
Regression Going backwards to behavior that was comforting in earlier life
Projection Attributing characteristics & behaviors to other people instead of ourselves
Displacement Transferring feelings about one person to another
Conversion Reaction Becoming physically ill from mental conflict
Hierarchy of Needs Written by Maslow. Belief that more basic human needs must be met before higher level needs can be considered.
Physiological Needs Maslow's most basic needs include: air, food, water,rest
Safety & Security Needs Second level in Maslow. Includes: shelter, clothing, protection from harm, stability
Love & Belonging Needs Middle level in Maslow. Includes: feelings of belonging, acceptance, and love from others.
Self Esteem Needs Second to top in Maslow. Belief in one's own worth & value. Feeling respected.
Self Actualization Highest level in Maslow. Ability of one to reach fullest potential.
Mood Pervasive and sustained emotion.
Affect Emotional reaction to an experience
Blunted Affect Decreased emotional response.
Flat Affect Virtual absence of emotional response. Face is immobile & voice is monotone.
Inappropriate Affect Affect/emotions don’t match situation.
Labile Rapidly shifting moods or emotions.
Ambivalence Displays opposite emotions at the same time.
Elation Normal joy & optimism
Euphoria Unusual elation & cheerfulness at inappropriate times and situations.
Fear Normal response to a danger.
Anxiety Worry about unknown dangers.
Irritability Easily provoked, impatient.
Rage Excessive anger with loss of control of emotions.
Depression Illness that cause withdrawal, low energy, loss of interest in activities & other symptoms. May be a normal reaction to a loss.
Bipolar Disease Cycles of mania & depression, may have normal periods in-between. Also called manic-depressive disorder.
Claustrophobia fear of confined spaces
Phobia Abnormal fear which may be disabling or keep person from normal activities
Schizophrenia disorder that affects person's ability to function normally in the real world
Psychotherapy method of treating mental illness that involves talking about problems with mental health professionals
Panic disorder a person is afraid for no specific reason & has persistent panic attacks, which are bouts of overwhelming fear
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Behaviors performed ritually (compulsions) to decrease anxiety from unwanted thoughts (Obsessions)
Delusion firm, fixed, false belief that is irrational.
Hallucination sensory experience for which there is no external stimulus!! May strike any sense.
Illusion misperception of a real stimulus
Paranoia response to stress with false sense of self-importance and delusions of persecution
Alert awake & oriented to person/place/time
Lethargic drifts off to sleep easily & frequently rouses to name but looks drowsy answers questions correctly but has trouble thinking loses train of thought decrease in spontaneous movement
Obtunded sleeps most of time difficult to arouse without shouting acts confused when aroused mumbled speech, makes no sense doesn’t cooperate unless constantly stimulated
Stupor or Semi-Coma mainly unconscious responds only to vigorous shake or pain withdraws from pain when applied groans, mumbles, doesn’t talk moves restlessly still has reflexes
Coma Completely unconscious No response to pain Light coma will have some reflex activity but no purposeful movement Deep coma will have no motor response
Created by: mrskgo