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STNA diseases 1

Diseases commonly seen in LTCF #1

QuestionAnswer
Osteoporosis Decrease in bone mass, which can lead to fractures
Osteoarthritis Inflammation of joints from wear & tear
Rheumatoid Arthritis Autoimmune disorder of joints
Gout Build up of uric acid crystals in the joints (usually in the big toe)
Muscular Dystrophy Skeletal muscles become weaker and wasted over time
Amputation Removal of a limb which may lead to phantom pain
Contracture Shortening & stiffening of tendons from lack of movement
Atrophy Loss of muscle size & strength
Fracture Broken bone.
Phantom pain Feeling that an amputated body part is still there; includes itching, aching and pain.
Stump the end of an extremity left after an amputation.
Pneumonia Infection in lungs
Pleurisy Inflammation of lining of lungs, and fluid between lung & lung cavity.
Bronchitis Inflammation of the bronchi
Asthma Spasms of the bronchial tree
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, a general term for chronic lung problems.
Emphysema Damaged alveoli with air trapping & trouble exhaling
Chronic Bronchitis Frequent bronchitis & thick mucus blocking airway from long-term irritation to lungs
Anemia Decrease in red blood cells
Leukemia Excessive production of white blood cells
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) Clots in legs that may cause MI or stroke
Atherosclerosis Fatty build up in arteries
Arteriosclerosis Hardening of arteries
Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) Pain & cramps in legs when walking due to decrease in blood flow
Venous Stasis Ulcers Wounds in legs from decrease blood flow
Coronary Artery Disease Narrowing of arteries that feed the heart muscle
Angina Pectoris Pain with exertion due to decrease in oxygen to heart
Myocardial Infarction (MI) "Heart Attack" lack of blood flow to heart tissue which causes tissue death
Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Decrease in effectiveness of heart's ability to pump blood
Cardiac Arrest Heart stops beating
Conduction Disorders Problems with electrical impulses in heart
Edema Too much fluid in tissues of the body
Aspiration Accidental inhalation of foreign material into airway
Burn Damage to body tissue from heat, chemicals, electricity or radiation
Dehydration Not enough fluid in tissues of the body
Decubitus Ulcer "Pressure Sore/Bed Sore/Skin Breakdown" damage to body tissue from pressure & lack of circulation
Wound Break in the skin which usually includes underlying tissues and can be intentional or unintentional
Lesion Break in the skin, usually used to describe a rash
Erythema Redness of skin
Jaundice Yellow color to skin
Ecchymosis Bruise
Pallor Paleness to skin
Foot Drop Difficulty lifting the front part of the foot, which may result in dragging the foot when walking.
Shingles blister-like rash caused by herpes zoster or chicken pox virus
Scabies mite that burrows into skin and causes itching & rash
Incision cut made by knife or scalpel
laceration irregular cut or wound
Abrasion top layer of skin is scraped or worn off
Puncture break in skin where skin closes over the injury
dermatitis inflammation or swelling of the skin
Eczema or Atopic Dermatitis dry itchy imflammed skin that is not contatgious
Bronchiectasis bronchial tubes are abnormally enlarged
Sputum fluid coughed up from the lungs
Created by: mrskgo