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wong's test 1

ch 1-8: children/family/newborn

QuestionAnswer
children eating preference est by family influence and culture
adolescent eating preference est by peer and sociability
single most common chronic dz dental caries
public interventions that has had greatest impact on world health vaccine and clean drinking water
six major childhood problems obesity, type 2, injuries, violence, substance abuse, mental health
figures describing rates of occurrence for events such as death in children = vital statistics
define infant mortality # of deaths per 1000 live births during the first year of life
country with highest infant mortality rates; country with lowest infant mortality rates united states; Singapore
major cause of death for children over the age of 1 year is accidents
four most common cause of death during infancy congenital, short gestation/lbw, SIDS, effected by maternal complications.
three common causes of death during early childhood (1-4) accidents, congenital, accidents
three common causes of death during later childhood (5-9) accidents, cancer, congenital
three common causes of death during adolescence (10-14) accidents, cancer, suicide
morbidity statistics prevalence of a specific illness in the population at a particular time
most common acute childhood illness is respiratory illness which accounts for _____% of all acute conditions 50
nursing is defined as the diagnosis and treatment of.... human responses to actual or potential health problems
family centered care recognizes the family as the _______ in a child's life. constant
family-centered care considers not only the individual needs of a child but also the needs of the ______ family
two basic concepts in family-centered care are ______ and _________ enabling; empowering
atraumatic care is the provision of the health care team that eliminates the _______ and ______ distress experienced by children and their families in the health care system psychological; physical
three principles that provide the framework for achieving the goal in providing atraumatic care prevent/min. the child's separation from the family; promote a sense of control; prevent/min. bodily injury and pain
the establishment of a _______ _______ is the essential foundation for providing high-quality nursing care therapeutic relationships
staff members' concerns about their peer's actions with a family are often signs of a ___________relationship non-therapeutic
in a therapeutic relationship, caring, well-defined _____ separate the nurse from the child and family boundaries
as an advocate, the nurse assists children and families in making informed choices and acting in the child's best interest. Advocacy involves ensuring that families are (hint 3) aware of all available health services; informed and involved in tx and procedures; encouraged to change or support existing health care practices.
pediatric nursing involves the practice of ______ health care preventative
anticipatory guidance appreciation of the hazards or conflicts of each developmental period. helps the nurse to guide parents in child rearing practices aimed at preventing potential problems
to provide high-quality health care, pediatric nurses _____ and _____ nursing services with the activities of other professionals collaborate; coordinate
values found in the practice of ped nursing include autonomy, or the patient's right to be _____; nonmalefiecence, the obligation to ______ or ______ harm; beneficence, the obligation to promote the patient's ____; and justice, the concept of ____. self-governing; minimize, prevent; well-being; fairness
define evidence based practice collection,interpretation, and integration of valid, important and applicable patient reported, nurse observed, and research derived information.
5 steps of nursing process assessment/diagnosis/planning/implementation/evaluation
assessment continuous process and is the foundation for decision making
diagnosis when the nurse must interpret and make decisions about the data gathered
planning once the nursing dx have been identified the nurse engages in this to est. outcomes or goals
implementation nurse puts the selected intervention into action and accumulates feedback data regarding its effects
evaluation nurse gathers,sorts, and analyzes data to determine whether the est. outcomes were met; interventions were appropriate; requires modification; other alternatives needed
three components of nursing diagnosis are: problem statement; etiology; signs/symptoms
Problem statement describes the child’s response to health pattern deficits in the child, family, or community
Etiology physiologic, situational, and maturational factors that cause the problem or influence its development
Signs & symptoms the cluster of cues /defining characteristics that are derived from the patient assessment Community
Community health initiatives are directed at either the __ ___ of the community or at __ populations within the community that have unique needs. general health; specific
Target population narrowly defined groups for whom nurses direct activities to improve the health status of individuals in the group
List three traditional community health settings promoting, maintaing, nursing, public health
The study of population characteristics demographics
An increased probabilty of developing a disease, injury, or illness risk
Epidemiology science of population health applied to the detection of morbidity and mortality in a population
The epidemologic process identifies the ___ and ____ of disease or injury across a _____ distrubution; causes; population
Morbidity (dz and injury) is reported using what two types of rates incidence; prevelence
What measures the occurrence of new events in a population during a period of time incidence
What measures existing events in a population during a period of time prevelence
Epidemiologic triangle is fromed by three factors whose interrelationship alters the risk for acquiring a dz or condition; they are ____ , _____, and ____ factors agent; host; environmental
Interventions that focus on health promotion and prevention. Ex nutritional program on how to prevent type 2 diabetes in children primary prevention
Intervention that optimize fxn for children w/ disability or chronic dz. Ex. Asthma dz management teritary prevention
Intervention that promote early detection and treatment of illness or efforts to prevent the spread of contagious dz. Ex. Lead screening secondary
Screening for acanthosis nigricans to identify early type 2 diabetes in children is a good ex of the need to determine the ____ before est. a screening program b/c screening for dz must be carefully planned to ensure the ___ of screening exceed the risks evidence; benefits
Evaluation of a school-based hep B vaccination program is an ex of an _____evaluation, which provides ____ ____ to est. the value of a program to the community. economic; objective information
In community nursing the focus of the nursing process shifts from the individual child and family to the ___ or target population community
A community needs assessment requires the collection of both ___ and ____ information about a communtity subjective; objective
Subjective information includes community memebers’ _____ of their most important needs through questionaires or interviews. statements
A windshield tour is a method for collecting ___ data by direct observation objective
Based on an analysis of the community assessment, the nurse formulates a ___ ____ community health diagnosis
In the planning phase of the community nursing process, the nurse collaborates with ___ to develop a ___ to address the needs and problems of the target population community members; plan
Community interventions often are offered in the form of ___ ____, which are based on the ___ levels of prevention health programs; three
Evaluation identifes whether the ___ and ___ ____ were met goals; program objectives
Prevention type: evaluating immunization status of children entering 1st grade and encouraging compliance primary
Prevention type: teaching 3rd grade about the importance of safety around water primary
Prevention type: assisting 4th grade in complying with meds schedule with type 1 diabetes teritary
Prevention type: consulting with teacher about health education to child with asthma teritary
Prevention type: orgraninzing/conducting a support group for chronically ill children of single parents secondary
Prevention type: screening at risk children for lead poisoning secondary
Created by: Godzwmn