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STNA legal

Legal Terms, Resident/Pt Rights & Restraints

Standard of Care The correct conduct and performance when completing patient care
Duty Acting as another reasonable healthcare worker would act
Breach of Duty Acting in an unacceptable way
Direct or Proximate Cause What happened directly or indirectly caused a problem/injury
Injury Pt must be harmed in some way from the act noted in malpractice claim
Neglect/Negligence Doing or failing to do something for the patient that causes an injury. Usually unintentional
Intentional Acts Purposely intending to do a wrongful act. These may or may not be considered “abuse.”
Assault Putting another in fear of being touched in an offensive way.
Battery Touching without consent.
False Imprisonment Detention of a person against their will.
Invasion of Privacy Revealing personal information about a person without their consent
Abuse Causing physical or mental harm
Physical Abuse Causes harm to the body
Psychological Abuse causes mental injury
Financial Abuse (misappropriation or larceny) Taking personal items from the patient (stealing)
Defamation of Character Injury to a person’s reputation or character.
Slander Oral defamation
Libel Written defamation
Nominal Damages A small amount awarded just to say the HC worker was wrong
Compensatory Damages An amount that puts the injured person into the same state as before the injury
Punitive Damages An amount meant to punish
Advanced Directive A document that allows a person to choose their medical care even when they cannot physically do this!!
Living Will Describes what should or should not be done in case of emergency
Durable Power of Attorney for Healthcare Names a person who will make all the healthcare decisions for the person
Good Samaritan Act Protects persons that help at the scene of an accident, when no duty is present.
Patient/Resident Rights List of rights for all patients in a healthcare facility
DNR "Do Not Resuscitate" Order written by a doctor to not perform CPR on a pt
Malpractice Requires duty to pt; breach of duty; direct or proximate cause; pt injury
Fraud Deception that could cause harm to another person
Chemical Restraint Medication that alters a pt’s mood or behavior, such as sedatives.
Physical Restraint Device attached to or near to a pt’s body to limit their freedom or access to their body.
Isolation Placing a person in a room that they cannot leave without permission.
Vest Restraint/Posey Vest vest straps cross in front & tied to frame of bed
Limb Restraint used on arm or leg, usually used in ICU
Mitt Restraint looks like padded mitten
Lap Restraint used in chairs or wheelchair to prevent pt from getting up
Lap Buddy placed on wheelchair to prevent pt from getting out
Geri chairs Large chair with tray in front
Checks to do with restraints every 2 hours Remove restraint; Take to bathroom or offer bedpan; Exercise limbs & reposition; Check skin; Offer nourishment or water
Checks to do with restraints every 15 minutes Check breathing for vest restraint; Check circulation (color, movement, sensation, warmth) for limb restraint
Things to do before using physical restraints Move pt close to others; Distraction; Use pressure sensitive monitors/alarms or wandering devices.
Created by: Mrs O's STNA
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