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STNA Vitals 2

Vital Sign Terminology & Normal Ranges set 2

Respiration Cycle of one inspiration (inhale) and one expiration (exhale)
Normal Respiratory Range 16 to 20 breaths per minute
Blood Pressure is.. Blood pressure is the force of the blood pushing on the artery wall.
Systole Maximum pressure or ventricular contraction (Top number of BP)
Bradypnea Respiratory rate less than 10 per minute
Tachypnea Respiratory rate over 24 per minute
Apnea No breathing
Dyspnea Painful or difficult breathing
Hypoventilation Shallow breathing
Hyperventilation Deep breathing
Cyanosis Blue color due to lack of O2
Cheyne-Stokes breathing Very irregular, shallow, fast then slow breathing pattern. Often seen before death.
Eupnea Normal breathing
Rales Crackling noises in the lungs
Rhonchi Bubbling noises in the lungs
Wheezes Squeaking noises in the lungs
Diastole Resting pressure or ventricular relaxation (Bottom number of BP)
Pulse Pressure Difference between systolic and diastolic blood pressures
Sphygmomanometer Blood Pressure Cuff
Stethoscope Instrument used to listen to heart & lungs
Hypertension High blood pressure over: systolic of 140 or diastolic of 90
Hypotension low blood pressure
Orthostatic Hypotension Blood Pressure that falls when pt goes from supine or sitting position to standing position
Created by: mrskgo