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STNA Nutrition

Nutrition & Intake/Output

QuestionAnswer
Carbohydrates Grains, fruits, vegetables, First source for energy,Also contain fiber.
Fats Animal products, nuts & oils. Builds cell walls & assists with use of vitamins. Second choice for energy.
Proteins Meat, beans, milk products, eggs, nuts/seeds. Builds new tissue. Used for energy when carbs & fats are not available.
Fat Soluble Vitamins Stored in body fat, so they don’t need to be eaten daily! Includes: A, D, E, K
Water Soluble Vitamins Dissolve in water & are needed daily for good nutrition. Includes: C & B complex.
Minerals Help provide structure within the body & help regulate body processes
Water 1/2 to 2/3 of body weight is water. Need 48- 96 oz per day
30 milliliters Equals 1 ounce
High Protein diet For tissue damage, wound healing. Increase in protein & supplements with protein given.
Low Fat Diet For high cholesterol, gallbladder disease, liver problems. No fats.
ADA Diet Diabetic diet. Lists calories for the day. Pt must eat all food or get a substitute for food not eaten.
Intake All the liquids a pt consumes
output Elimination of fluids a person consumes.
Force Fluids Pt must have extra fluid. Offer liquids frequently.
Fluid Restriction Pt will have an amount to drink for each shift. Pt must receive all of the amount ordered, but not more!
Dehydration Too little fluid in body
Edema Too much fluid in body
Dysphagia Difficulty with swallowing, esp. water.
Thickened Liquids Substance added to make liquids thicker. Used for pts that have trouble swallowing.
Clothing Protector Special cloth that is used at meal time to protect residents clothes from spills
NPO Nothing by mouth
Clear liquid Used after surgery. Only items that are clear & have no caffeine.
Full liquid Next step up after a CL diet. Anything that is liquid when at room temperature.
Mechanical soft Next step after FL, or used for pts with trouble chewing. Items that are soft to eat or chopped.
Pureed For pts that cannot chew or swallow well. Food is put into blender.
Low sodium For heart/kidney disease or edema. No salty foods. No salt on tray.
Low protein For kidney disease. No high protein foods are given.
BRAT For diarrhea. (banana applesauce rice & toast!)
Diet Card Information about the pt's special diet, allergies, likes/dislikes and other instructions
Fluid Balance Maintaining equal intake & output
High Residue increased fiber diet that adds whole grains & raw fruits/vegetables. used for constipation
Low Residue Decreased fiber diet which restricts whole graind, nuts, seeds, raw foods, diary, coffee. Used for bowel problems
Nasogastric Tube tube inserted through the nose into the stomach
PEG tube Tube inserted through the abdomen into the stomach. (Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy Tube)
Tube feeding Use of an N/G or PEG tube to give liquid nutrition to a patient.
Total Parenteral Nutrition (TPN) Solution of nutrients given through IV tube.
Diuretics Medicine used to decrease fluid volume through urination.
Created by: mrskgo