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Health Assessment

Joints Where 2 bones connect
Synovial Joints Can move, can sway
Fibrous, Nonsynovial Joints are... immovable and sutures in the skull.
Abduction movement? Away the body
Adduction movement? Toward the body
Retraction posture? Body part backward and parallel(Proud stance)
Protraction posture? Moving body part forward and parallel to the ground. (Slouching, depressed stance)
Opposition? Moving thumb to touch finger.
What contributes to decrease bone density in older adults? Kyphosis, altered PTH...(Edit etc)
On a muscle tone scale 1-5, what is normal strength? 5 is normal, Complete ROM, Full Resistance,3 is fair and 0 is No Visible muscle contraction
Cartilage Allows bones to slide over one another, reduces friction, prevents damage, absorbs shock. Ex, Articular cartilage on the ends of bones.
Tendons Connects muscles to bones. Ex: Bicepts to the head of the humerous.
Ligament Connects bones to stabilize joints, limit the movement. Ex: Knee to prevent lateral movement.
Bursae Fluid filled sacs in areas of riction to cushion bones. Ex: Bursa in shoulder for adduction
Meniscus Cartilage disc between bones to absorb shock and cushion. Ex: Medial and lateral menisci of knee.
Fascia Flat sheets that line and protect muscle fibers, attach muscle to bone, provides structure for nerves.
Example of Ball and Socket joint? Shoulder
Example of Hinge Joint? elbow
Example of Pivot Joint? neck
Example of Condyloid joint? Wrist!
Example of saddle joint thumb
Example of gliding joint? waving the hand
Example of Cartilaginous joint? costal cartilage between sternum and ribs. (They’re slightly movable.)
Bone growth continues until what age? 21
Kyphosis Hunchback (What I’m afraid I’ll get.)
Lordosis Inward curvature of the lumbar. (stick the booty out.)
What is the most common MS complaint? And where is the most vulnerable part of the skeleton? Backache is most common MS complaint. L5-S1 is most vulnerable.
95% of hip fractures in elderly are caused by what? falls
Age onset of Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis? Oseo: 40-50. Rheum 20-40y
Cause of Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis? Osteo:Deterioration of joint and new bone. Rheum:Chronic inflammation of synovial membrane and leads to thickening and fibrosis.
Created by: bubbastina