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NCLEX Lab Values

Nursing NCLEX Lab Values

QuestionAnswer
RBC 4.0 - 6.0 million
WBC 5,000 - 10,000/cu mm
Platelets 100,000 - 400,000/cu mm
K+ 3.5 - 5.0 (5.5)
Na- 135 - 145
Ca 4.5 - 5.1 ionized serum 8.5 - 10.5 mg/dL total serum
Mg 1.5 - 2.5
Cl 95 - 105 mEq/L
CO2 24 - 30 mEq/L
BUN 6 - 20 mg/100 mL
Albumin 3.5 - 5.0
Creatinine 0.6 - 1.5
Glucose 70 - 100
Theophylline 10 - 20
PTT 24 - 45
PT 9 - 12
ESR 0 - 20
INR 0.8 - 1.2
Lithium Levels 0.6 - 1.2
Hgb (Male) 13 - 18
Hgb (Female) 12 - 16
HCT (Male) 42 - 52%
HCT (Female) 37 - 47%
Urine Specific Gravity 1.01 - 1.03
Urinary Output per/hr 0.5 mL/kg/hr
Urinary Output that = Fluid Deficit <30 cc/hr
pH Normal 7.35 - 7.45
pH Acidosis <7.35
pH Alkalosis >7.45
PaO2 Normal 80 - 100 mg
SaO2 Normal 95 - 98%
PaCO2 Normal 35 - 45 mm/hg
PaCO2 Acidosis >45 mm/hg
PaCO2 Alkalosis <35 mm/hg
HCO3- Normal 22 - 26 mEq/L
HCO3- Acidosis <22 mEq/L
HCO3- Alkalosis >26 mEq/L
pH↓ PCO2↑ HCO3- Normal Respiratory Acidosis Kidneys will retain increased amounts of HCO3- to increase pH
pH↑ PCO2↓ HCO3- Normal Respiratory Alkalosis Kidneys will excrete increased amounts of HCO3- to lower pH
pH↓ PCO2 Normal HCO3-↓ Metabolic Acidosis Lungs "blow off" CO2 to raise pH
pH↑ PCO2 Normal HCO3-↑ Metabolic Alkalosis Lungs retain CO2 to lower pH
PO4 (Phosphate) Normal 2.8 = 4.5 mg/dL
Formula for Dosage D/H x Q = X (Desired/Have x Quanity = X)
Formula for Flow Rate Total mL Ordered / Total hr Ordered = mL/hr
Formula for Drip Rate (mL/hr) / Drop Factor constant = gtt/min
Figure out Constants for each drop factor: 10, 15, 20, 60 Constant Drop Factor 6 10 4 15 3 20 1 60
Created by: imsuzanne