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GCNL HEENT

Head, Eyes, Ears, Nose, Throat

QuestionAnswer
What cranial nerves control the eyes? CN III (Oculomotor), CN IV (Trochlear), and CN VI (Abducens).
Otitis Media Inflammation of the middle ear, occuring between tympanic membrane and inner ear.
Kaposi's Sarcoma Cancerous tumor of the connective tissue. Often associated with AIDS and found in cells lining the lymph/blood vessels.
Apthous Ulcers Canker sore, mouth ulcer.
Macular degeneration Loss of vision in the center of the visual field becaues of damage to the retina.
Strabuismus Condition where eyes are not properly aligned with each other.
Scotomata Diminished vision/blurred vision.
Amaurosis Vision loss not due to a lesion.
Entropion In-turned lid margin.
Ectropion Out-turned lid margin.
Ptosis Drooping/falling of the upper/lower eyelid.
Hordeolum Eyelid bump, a.k.a. stye. Sebaceous gland infection.
Conjunctivitis Swelling or infection of the membrane lining the eyelids (pink eye/madras eye).
Pterygium Surfer's eye. Non-cancerous growth of the clear thin tissue (conjunctiva) that lays over the white part of the eye. May be reduced with lowered sun exposure or surgery.
Subconjunctival hemorrhage Bright red patch appearing in the white of the eye.
Aqueous humor Clear gel that fills the space between the cornea and lens of the eyeball (Anterior space).
Vitreous humor Clear gel that fills the space between the lens and retina of the eyeball (Posterior space).
Anisocoria Condition of unequal size in pupils.
Phoria Potential eyeturn; occurs during period of suspended sensory fusion of the eyes. Returns to normal when obstacle to fusion is removed.
Tropia Eye that deviates; constant or intermittent; sensory fusion is unable to maintain the eyes in a straight position.
Nystagmus Involuntary movement of eyes horizontally, vertically, or in a rotary fashion.
Lid lag Immobility or lagging of the upper eyelid on downward rotation of the eye.
Red reflex Appearance of red-eye in pictures as light enters through the pupil and reflects off the fundus on the posterior surface of the eyeball.
Retinoblastoma Rare eye cancer.
Otalgia Earache.
Otorrhea Discharge from ear.
Weber test Hearing test involving tuning fork being placed on vertex of forehead. Patient reports which ear hears better if not equal. Tuning fork will be heard better in the affected ear.
Rinne test Two fold hearing test involving bone conduction(BC) and air conduction(AC) with a tuning fork. Patient reports when sound of tuning fork ceases. AC=2x > BC or hearing problem is plausible.
Whisper test Hearing test involving 3 letters and numbers being whispered to a tested ear from a distance of 1-2 feet. Patient repeats back alphanumerical combination to verify auditory ability.
What color should the tympanic membrane of the ear be? Pearl color.
Cerumen Ear wax.
Tympanostomy tube Small tube inserted to the ear drum in order to prevent the accumulation of fluid in the middle ear.
Rhinorrhea Condition of the nasal cavity being filled with a great deal of mucous fluid.
Buccal mucosa Mucous membrane/epithelium of the mouth. Oral mucosa.
Candida Fungal infection of the throat
Created by: tdiaz65